Confidentiality Examples: The 3 Privacy Measures to Know

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Confidentiality Examples: The 3 Privacy Measures to Know<br />

Confidentiality Examples

Picture this: you’re a bank vault. The precious metals and jewels you store are the intimate, sensitive secrets people have shared with you. Just like a bank has a responsibility to safeguard these treasures, confidentiality is about keeping the secrets of others locked away safely.


Confidentiality refers to the act of maintaining privacy by keeping shared or accessed information restricted. It’s a key principle in numerous professions like law, medicine, and counseling, obliging individuals to safeguard secrets entrusted to them, thereby preserving trust and protecting sensitive information.

Example 1: The Therapy Session of Joyce Brothers (1955). TV personality and psychologist Dr. Joyce Brothers applied confidentiality in her famous TV sessions, setting an early precedent for therapy on public platforms. Despite being a public figure, she upheld the strict confidentiality of her therapy clients, exemplifying the importance of trust in mental health care.

Example 2: Watergate Scandal (1972). Confidentiality was at the core of this political scandal. ‘Deep Throat,’ an anonymous source for journalists Woodward and Bernstein, maintained his identity confidential for over 30 years until he voluntarily revealed himself as Mark Felt, the Associate Director of the FBI.

Example 3: The HIPAA Act (1996). The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a landmark US legislation ensuring the confidentiality of patient health information. It mandates that healthcare providers and associated parties maintain patient data privacy, showcasing confidentiality’s central role in protecting individuals’ sensitive health information.

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Confidentiality Examples In-Depth

The Therapy Session of Joyce Brothers (1955)

Imagine you’re settling down in front of your black and white TV set in 1955. You’re tuning in to watch the new sensation, Dr. Joyce Brothers, America’s sweetheart psychologist. Not only does she answer questions about love, life, and everything in between, but she also brings psychological therapy into American living rooms for the first time.

You might ask, how can therapy sessions, often filled with private revelations and deeply personal stories, be broadcast on public television? Here’s where confidentiality, our vital principle, steps into the spotlight.

Dr. Joyce Brothers had a unique challenge. She was bringing therapy, a private and personal journey, into a public platform. But she had a secret weapon: confidentiality. While she tackled subjects of general interest on her TV sessions, she made sure to keep any personal counseling completely private. Despite her public persona, Dr. Brothers strictly maintained the confidentiality of her therapy clients.

Imagine you are one of her clients. You might be worried about your problems being discussed on television. But with Dr. Brothers, your secrets are safe. She treated her professional obligation of confidentiality with the utmost seriousness, ensuring that the trust between her and her clients remained unbroken.

But why is this important? It set an early precedent for how therapists, and other professionals in similar roles, could navigate the new world of television while still maintaining client confidentiality. Dr. Brothers showed the world that while the mediums we use to communicate might change, the principles of trust and confidentiality remain steadfast.

In a time when therapy was often misunderstood and stigmatized, she helped to normalize it by bringing it into popular media. Yet, she never let this public exposure interfere with the sacred pact of confidentiality between a therapist and client.

The practice of Dr. Joyce Brothers stands as a testament to how confidentiality can be maintained even when work intersects with public and popular media. She showed that no matter how famous the psychologist, or public the platform, confidentiality must always be upheld. Her example continues to inform the practices of therapists who appear on modern platforms, reminding them that the public’s curiosity should never compromise a client’s right to privacy.

Watergate Scandal (1972)

Think of yourself as an audience member in a thrilling spy movie. The theater is dark, the music is suspenseful, and on the screen, a mysterious figure is whispering secrets that could topple a presidency. This isn’t fiction, though—it’s real life. The year is 1972, the movie? The Watergate Scandal, and our ‘James Bond’ character is an individual known only as “Deep Throat.”

“Deep Throat” wasn’t just a character cooked up by Hollywood, but a very real, anonymous source who proved instrumental in the investigative journalism that uncovered the Watergate Scandal. In the political whirlpool of Washington D.C., “Deep Throat” became the confidential informant for two young reporters, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, from the Washington Post.

But what was this scandal about? Imagine you are the President of the United States, and you’ve just found out that members of your party have been arrested for breaking into the opposing party’s headquarters, apparently to tap their phones and steal documents. Sounds like a nightmare, right? Well, that’s what President Richard Nixon faced. He was not directly involved, but the cover-up that ensued implicated his administration and led to his resignation—the first-ever resignation by a U.S. President.

Back to our clandestine source, “Deep Throat.” His whispers in the shadows drove the story forward, giving Woodward and Bernstein vital leads, confirming suspicions, and often guiding the journalists through the maze of political deceit. They never revealed the source’s identity, living up to their promise of confidentiality, even as the world speculated.

For over 30 long years, “Deep Throat” remained a mystery. Then, in 2005, the truth finally surfaced. The man behind the guise was Mark Felt, the Associate Director of the FBI at the time of the Watergate Scandal. His reasons for maintaining confidentiality were numerous. Revealing his identity could have ended his career, jeopardized the ongoing investigation, and put him and his family in potential danger. His example embodies the essence of confidentiality: the courage to keep a secret, the strength to protect others, and the patience to wait for truth’s eventual reveal.

The Watergate Scandal and the role of “Deep Throat” demonstrate the power of confidentiality in maintaining justice and truth. By honoring their commitment to “Deep Throat,” Woodward and Bernstein upheld a key principle of journalism and showed that confidentiality isn’t just about keeping secrets—it’s about protecting the integrity of truth and trust.

The HIPAA Act (1996)

Picture this: you’re in a doctor’s waiting room, nervously awaiting your turn. You start thinking about the private, sometimes intimate information you’re about to share with your doctor. What ensures that this information remains confidential? That’s where the HIPAA Act steps in.

The HIPAA Act is a bit like a superhero, standing guard to protect our private health information from prying eyes. Signed into law in 1996, this US legislation has had a profound impact on how healthcare providers handle patient information. It acts as a sturdy, protective shield for patients, ensuring that the information they share with their healthcare providers remains confidential.

But what does this really mean? Imagine being a healthcare provider – a doctor, a nurse, or an administrative staff. You have access to patients’ medical histories, their current health issues, their medications, and much more. HIPAA mandates that you cannot share this information without the patient’s explicit consent.

And there’s more. HIPAA not only safeguards oral and written information but also extends to electronic data. So, when your doctor jots down notes on their computer or sends electronic records to a specialist, HIPAA’s protective shield ensures this digital information remains private too.

But why is HIPAA so important? Imagine the reverse – a world without HIPAA. Your personal health information could be shared without your consent, potentially leading to discrimination, embarrassment, or even identity theft. HIPAA helps prevent these situations by setting a national standard for the protection of sensitive health information.

But HIPAA isn’t a static law. As technology evolves, so does HIPAA. For example, with the advent of social media and the rise in electronic health records, HIPAA rules have been updated to address these modern issues. This ensures that no matter how health information is stored or shared, your privacy remains protected.

HIPAA underscores the fundamental principle of confidentiality, highlighting its critical role in maintaining trust between patients and healthcare providers. It reminds us that whether we’re patients sharing our health secrets, or healthcare providers entrusted with these secrets, confidentiality is an enduring principle that safeguards our privacy and dignity.


From the shadowy corners of political intrigue to the reassuring presence of a television psychologist, and even the very clinics and hospitals we entrust with our health, confidentiality emerges as a steadfast principle. It acts as an invisible bond, connecting the promise of trust with the practice of discretion. Whether it’s a secret informant during the Watergate Scandal, Dr. Joyce Brothers safeguarding her clients’ trust, or the HIPAA Act protecting patients’ health information, these examples highlight the power and significance of confidentiality. As our society continues to evolve and adapt, let us remember the enduring importance of confidentiality. It’s more than just about keeping secrets; it’s about upholding trust, respecting privacy, and preserving the dignity of individuals.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What is the significance of confidentiality?

Confidentiality plays a crucial role in maintaining trust, promoting open communication, and preserving an individual’s privacy and dignity. It’s especially vital in professions such as healthcare, law, and counseling where sensitive information is routinely handled.

What happens when confidentiality is breached?

Breaching confidentiality can lead to serious consequences, both professionally and legally. This may include disciplinary action, loss of professional licensure, lawsuits, or even criminal charges in some cases. For the person whose confidentiality has been breached, it can lead to emotional distress, loss of trust, and potential harm depending on the information leaked.

How can confidentiality be maintained?

Confidentiality can be maintained through various means. This includes adhering to professional codes of conduct, implementing stringent data protection measures, obtaining consent before sharing information, and ensuring that only necessary personnel have access to confidential information. Training and awareness among staff about the importance of confidentiality is also crucial.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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