Cyber Security Types: The 3 Key Protection Methods (2023)

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Cyber Security Types: The 3 Key Protection Methods (2023)<br />

Cyber Security Types

Think of your digital life as a vast ocean. Your personal and sensitive data are precious pearls beneath the waves. Cyber security is the lifeguard, the patrol boat, the shark cage – the multiple layers of protection that stop cyber pirates from plundering your treasures. Let’s dive into the fascinating ocean of cyber security types.


Cyber security types refer to the various strategies and defenses used to protect digital data from threats. They include network, application, information, operational, and endpoint security, each targeting a specific aspect of an organization’s digital environment.

Type 1 – Network Security: It’s like a moat around a castle, blocking unwanted visitors. It focuses on protecting the internal network from intruders by securing the infrastructure.

Type 2 – End-Point Security: This is akin to armored knights safeguarding the castle from within. It secures each endpoint (e.g., laptops, mobile devices) on a network from breaches, acting like a bodyguard for your device.

Type 3 – Behavioral Security: Imagine a spy who learns about every individual in the castle, their routines, and habits. It’s a way to detect abnormal behavior or activities that deviate from established patterns, thus identifying potential threats. It’s like having a security system that learns and adapts.

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Cyber Security Types In-depth

Network Security

Imagine, for a moment, that you are a ruler in medieval times, sitting comfortably within your mighty stone fortress. Your kingdom’s prosperity and your subjects’ lives depend on the castle’s ability to keep threats at bay. This castle isn’t just a random collection of towers and walls, though. It’s meticulously planned, with moats, drawbridges, high walls, and diligent guards ensuring the safety of everyone inside. This, my friend, is what Network Security in the digital realm is like.

In the same way that your castle safeguards your realm, Network Security protects an organization’s internal network. It secures the infrastructure, erecting walls and moats in the form of firewalls and intrusion prevention systems to repel cyber-attacks, much like repelling invading armies in olden times.

But it doesn’t stop there. Just as the wise ruler would check everyone entering and leaving the castle, Network Security includes strict access controls. These controls are like the loyal gatekeeper, ensuring only the right people – those who mean no harm – are allowed through.

And the parallels with the medieval fortress don’t end there. A wise ruler would employ spies to gather information about potential threats. Similarly, Network Security utilizes systems to continuously monitor for unusual activities or suspicious traffic, raising the alarm when necessary.

But here’s where our analogy diverges from reality: unlike medieval times, the threats we face in the digital world evolve at an astonishing speed. They grow smarter and craftier, often finding new ways to scale walls or bypass moats. To combat this, Network Security doesn’t remain static; it continuously evolves, learning from past attacks and proactively preparing for future ones. It’s like having a fortress that adapts and improves its defenses with each passing day.

In essence, Network Security is your digital fortress, constantly vigilant and ever-adapting. It stands guard, day and night, protecting your realm from relentless cyber invaders, keeping your data treasure safe and sound.

But remember, Network Security is just one aspect of the broader cyber security landscape. It’s an important one, for sure, but a castle’s defense is only as strong as its weakest point. Thus, to ensure comprehensive protection, other forms of cyber security should not be ignored. We’ll dive deeper into those in the following sections.

Until then, keep your drawbridges up and your firewalls active!

End-Point Security

Picture yourself as the lord of a grand estate. Within this estate, you have various rooms, hallways, and secret passages, all teeming with life and activity. But it’s not enough to just have a solid wall and strong gate; to keep your estate secure, you need to ensure that each individual room is equally well-guarded. That’s where End-Point Security comes into play in our cyber world.

End-Point Security, in its most basic form, is the cyber equivalent of locking all the doors and windows in your house before you go to bed. It’s about securing each endpoint – or “room” – in a network from cyber threats. These endpoints can be anything from laptops and smartphones to servers and virtual environments. If Network Security is like the outer walls of your estate, End-Point Security is like the individual guards standing at every door and window, ensuring no intruder sneaks in.

Let’s take a simple example: your smartphone. We use our phones for just about everything these days, from sending emails and sharing photos to banking and shopping. In other words, our phones store a wealth of sensitive data. End-Point Security is like a personal bodyguard for your phone, ensuring that no malicious software or hacker gains access to your information.

But how does it do this? Just like a well-trained guard, End-Point Security employs various tools and techniques. It uses antivirus software to detect and eliminate threats, much like a guard would catch and remove an intruder. It employs firewalls to block unauthorized access, akin to a locked door that only allows entry with the right key. And it uses encryption to protect data in transit, similar to a secret code that ensures only the intended recipient can read a message.

Even with the best defenses, though, intruders might still find a way in. When that happens, a good security guard would quickly identify and apprehend the culprit. Similarly, End-Point Security has intrusion detection and response systems that identify breaches, minimize their impact, and help recover lost data.

Yet, just as the lord of the estate must continually update his security measures to outsmart potential intruders, so must we in the cyber world. The threats we face are constantly evolving, requiring us to stay a step ahead. That’s why End-Point Security is not a one-time setup; it’s an ongoing process that requires regular updates and vigilance.

In conclusion, End-Point Security acts as the personal bodyguard for each device within your network. It stands watch day and night, ready to combat any threat that dares to invade. It’s a crucial part of the comprehensive cyber security strategy, like a well-guarded room within a fortified estate.

Stay tuned as we delve deeper into other fascinating forms of cyber security in the following sections. For now, keep your guards alert and your endpoints secure!

Behavioral Security

Imagine that you’re hosting a grand party in your mansion. As the host, you have a good sense of how your guests normally behave. You know which guests will head straight to the buffet, who will be on the dance floor, and who will be deep in conversation in a quiet corner. Suddenly, you notice a guest behaving strangely. Maybe they’re rifling through your documents in the study, or trying to pry open a locked door. That’s definitely not normal party behavior. You’ve just identified a potential threat based on behavior, and that, in essence, is what Behavioral Security is all about in the digital world.

Behavioral Security is like the observant host at a party, always keeping an eye on guests’ behavior. It’s a form of cyber security that monitors regular patterns and detects when there’s a deviation from this norm. This could mean someone using a device at an unusual time, an application accessing files it normally doesn’t, or a user downloading an extraordinary amount of data.

To draw a more vivid picture, consider this scenario. You’ve a digital ‘guest’ who normally accesses your system during regular business hours. Suddenly, this ‘guest’ begins to access high volumes of data at 2 am. This change in behavior is a red flag, and that’s exactly what a Behavioral Security system would catch.

To monitor such a vast amount of data and detect anomalies, Behavioral Security makes use of cutting-edge technologies like machine learning and artificial intelligence. These technologies are like a super observant host, who not only knows what every guest at the party is doing but can also predict what they’re likely to do next based on past behavior. And, crucially, they can spot when something seems out of the ordinary.

But what happens when the system identifies an anomaly? That’s where a quick response comes into play. Just as you would politely but firmly handle the guest causing trouble at your party, a Behavioral Security system would immediately send an alert about the anomaly or even take automatic action to mitigate the threat.

The beauty of Behavioral Security lies in its proactive nature. Instead of waiting for an attack to occur, it’s constantly on the lookout for signs of a potential threat. It’s like having a security system that doesn’t just respond to threats, but actively anticipates them.

In conclusion, Behavioral Security adds an additional layer of protection to your digital realm by observing, learning, and reacting to any unusual activity. It’s like having a tireless sentinel who knows your cyber world inside and out and can detect even the subtlest signs of a breach.

Keep an eye out for our next exploration into the fascinating world of cyber security. But for now, remember: normal is good, anomalies might be cause for concern, and vigilance is your best defense!


In the vast, ever-changing digital landscape, cyber threats are as real as they are diverse. Much like a medieval kingdom or a grand estate, every facet of our digital world needs a unique type of safeguard. From Network Security, serving as the impenetrable wall and moat around our fortress, to End-Point Security, our vigilant guards at each door and window, and finally to Behavioral Security, our keen observer noting any abnormal behavior, each type of cyber security has its role to play in defending our realm.

But remember, the key to robust cyber security isn’t about choosing one over the other; it’s about using them in conjunction to create a layered defense. In this game of cat and mouse with cyber threats, every layer counts. So, let’s keep our digital fortress secure, our endpoints guarded, and our eyes open for any abnormal behavior. Because, in the end, cyber security isn’t just about defense; it’s about proactive vigilance and continuous evolution in the face of threats.

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What is the most important type of cyber security?

There’s no one-size-fits-all answer to this question as it depends on the specific needs and vulnerabilities of an individual or organization. However, a comprehensive approach that includes Network Security, End-Point Security, and Behavioral Security can provide a robust defense against a wide range of cyber threats.

Why do we need different types of cyber security?

Cyber threats can come from numerous sources and target different aspects of a network. For instance, some might aim at breaking into the network, while others may target individual devices or try to exploit user behavior. As such, each type of cyber security is designed to defend a specific aspect of the digital environment, providing a layered defense.

How can I improve my cyber security?

Ensuring your systems are up-to-date with the latest security patches, using strong, unique passwords, enabling multi-factor authentication, regularly backing up your data, and educating yourself or your team about potential cyber threats and safe online practices can significantly improve your cyber security. Remember, security is a continuous process and not a one-time task.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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