Ethical Hacking Types: The 3 Good-Guy Hackers to Know (2023)

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Ethical Hacking Types: The 3 Good-Guy Hackers to Know (2023)

Ethical Hacking Types

Picture a team of treasure hunters armed with maps and compasses, exploring unknown lands in search of hidden treasures. But, these hunters are a different breed. Instead of pocketing the riches, they help secure them, pointing out loopholes and weak spots. Welcome to the world of ethical hacking, where the goal is defense, not deception.


Ethical hacking is a cybersecurity practice where skilled professionals simulate cyberattacks on a system, network, or web application to identify vulnerabilities. Instead of exploiting these weaknesses, ethical hackers use this information to improve security, thus safeguarding against potential threats.

Type 1 – Red Teaming: Red Teaming is a full-scale attack simulation aimed at testing an organization’s overall security measures. It’s a holistic approach, taking into account not just technology, but human and physical security as well. Like an elaborate game of capture the flag, the red team tries to infiltrate while the defending team tries to fend them off.

Type 2 – Penetration Testing: Often referred to as “pen testing,” this type of ethical hacking involves a planned attack on a specific system to expose its vulnerabilities. Like a doctor’s diagnostic test, it’s designed to discover areas of weakness in an organization’s defenses, which can then be fortified against real threats.

Type 3 – Bug Bounty Hunting: This is the gamified version of ethical hacking. Companies encourage hackers to find and report bugs in their system in exchange for rewards, usually monetary. It’s like a digital scavenger hunt, with each discovered bug benefiting both the hunter and the company.

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Ethical Hacking Types In-depth

Red Teaming: The Ultimate Security Drill

When we think about security, we often envision towering walls, intricate locks, and high-tech alarm systems. But in the digital world, protection isn’t quite as concrete. It involves coding shields and virtual firewalls that guard against the relentless onslaught of cyber threats. But how can you be sure that your digital fortress is truly invincible? Enter Red Teaming.

Imagine, for a moment, that you’re a general preparing your troops for an impending battle. You’d want to test their skills and strategies under the most realistic conditions, wouldn’t you? In the world of cybersecurity, Red Teaming serves this exact purpose—it’s the comprehensive battle simulation to prepare your defenses for the real-world cyber conflicts.

A Red Team is a group of ethical hackers that mimic the techniques and strategies of potential adversaries. They don’t just tap on the walls to see where they’re weak; they bring out the battering rams and siege towers. They don’t tiptoe around your system—they storm the gates. The goal here isn’t to expose one specific vulnerability, but to assess how the entire security system stands up to a full-scale attack.

But here’s the interesting part. Unlike traditional cybersecurity audits that focus exclusively on technology, Red Teaming takes a holistic approach. It’s not just about whether a hacker can penetrate your firewalls; it’s also about whether they can trick your employees into clicking a phishing link or whether they can breach your physical premises.

In other words, a Red Team doesn’t just focus on your castle’s walls—they’re also looking at your drawbridge and your gatekeepers.

After the battle—don’t worry, it’s a friendly one—the Red Team will share their insights, revealing not just the chinks in your armor but also how to fix them. They’ll provide actionable recommendations on how to reinforce your defenses and prepare for the next onslaught. In doing so, they arm you with the knowledge and understanding to stand firm against the real threats.

Remember, it’s not a failure if the Red Team finds vulnerabilities. It’s an opportunity to learn, grow, and strengthen your defenses. After all, it’s better to have a friendly knight expose your weaknesses than to leave them for an enemy to find.

Through Red Teaming, you’re not just learning about your security’s strengths and weaknesses; you’re adopting a proactive approach to cybersecurity. And in the digital world, where new threats emerge with each passing second, staying one step ahead is the best defense you’ve got.

Penetration Testing: A Proactive Approach to Cybersecurity

Have you ever been to a doctor for a routine health check-up? The doctor conducts a series of tests, prods and pokes, to find potential issues and fix them before they become a problem. Penetration testing, or ‘pen testing’ as it’s fondly called in cybersecurity circles, is the digital equivalent of that routine health check-up. But instead of examining your health, it probes the robustness of your computer systems, networks, and web applications.

Imagine you’re the owner of a well-fortified castle in medieval times. You’re confident in the strength of your castle walls, but you still want to be certain they can withstand an attack. So, you ask a friendly knight to don the cloak of an invader and test your defenses. This is pen testing in a nutshell—inviting a friendly attack to ensure you can withstand a hostile one.

Penetration testers are the friendly knights of the digital realm. They’re cybersecurity professionals armed with a range of tools and techniques used by cybercriminals. But unlike the cybercriminals, their mission is to bolster security, not break it.

In a pen test, these ethical hackers simulate a cyberattack on your system. They’re looking for any weak spots—an unprotected window in your castle wall, if you will—that could be exploited by real attackers. It might be a software vulnerability, a system configuration error, or even a human error, like a simple password that’s easy to crack.

After the test, the penetration testers will report back on their findings. They’ll tell you which parts of your castle wall held firm, where they found cracks, and most importantly, how to fix those cracks. They might recommend patching up software, tweaking system configurations, or even running a cybersecurity awareness campaign for your staff. The objective is to find the vulnerabilities before a malicious hacker does and use that knowledge to fortify your defenses.

Pen testing is a proactive form of cybersecurity. Rather than waiting for an attack to occur and dealing with the fallout, you’re actively seeking out potential threats and addressing them head-on. It’s about being one step ahead of the cybercriminals, pre-empting their moves and safeguarding your digital kingdom against their threats.

Just like routine health check-ups, pen testing should be a regular part of your cybersecurity regimen. After all, prevention is always better than cure, especially in a world where new cyber threats are constantly emerging. So, invite those friendly knights in, let them test your walls, and together, build a digital fortress that’s truly impenetrable.

Bug Bounty Hunting: The Digital Scavenger Hunt for Security

Have you ever participated in a scavenger hunt? There’s a certain thrill to it, right? The list of clues, the chase, and the gratification of discovering hidden treasures. Now, imagine a similar game, but played out on the vast playground of the internet. This is the world of bug bounty hunting—a thrilling chase where the hidden treasures are bugs in a system’s code.

Think of a bug bounty program like a wanted poster from the wild west, but instead of outlaws, they’re looking for software bugs. Companies will ‘post’ these bounties, offering rewards—usually monetary—to anyone who can find and report a flaw in their systems. This method turns cybersecurity into a global competition, a game where everyone’s invited, and the highest scorer wins the bounty.

Bug bounty hunters are the adventurers in this game. They’re cybersecurity experts, but instead of being hired by a company, they work independently, choosing their hunts based on the posted bounties. Their task? To expose the hidden bugs that might otherwise go unnoticed until a malicious hacker exploits them.

What’s so fascinating about bug bounty hunting is its open invitation to hackers worldwide. It’s like having a thousand pairs of eyes scrutinizing your defenses, each bringing unique perspectives, experiences, and skill sets. And because the hunters only get paid when they find a bug, you can be sure they’re motivated to dig deep and explore every nook and cranny of your system.

When a bug is found, the hunter doesn’t exploit it but reports it back to the company. They give the company a chance to patch the bug and fortify their defenses before any real damage can occur. It’s like finding a loose stone in your castle wall and pointing it out to the masons before an enemy can use it to their advantage.

Bug bounty hunting not only bolsters a company’s defenses but also fosters a sense of community and collaboration among cybersecurity enthusiasts. It encourages learning and knowledge sharing and keeps the field dynamic and challenging.

In the vast landscape of the internet, where new bugs are born every day, bug bounty hunting serves as an adventurous, competitive, and highly effective method for improving cybersecurity. It’s a win-win situation for companies and hunters alike—the companies get their bugs fixed, and the hunters get the thrill of the hunt and the bounty that comes with it. It’s a scavenger hunt where everyone’s hunting for the same thing—a safer, more secure internet.


From castle sieges to doctor’s check-ups, and thrilling scavenger hunts, the world of ethical hacking is full of adventures. Whether it’s Red Teaming, Penetration Testing, or Bug Bounty Hunting, each practice offers unique ways to strengthen our cybersecurity defenses. They provide a proactive approach, ensuring we find the chinks in our armor before someone with less noble intentions does. As our digital kingdom continues to expand and evolve, these practices are more crucial than ever, helping us build walls that are not just strong, but truly resilient.

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What's the difference between ethical hacking and malicious hacking?

Ethical hacking, also known as white-hat hacking, is conducted with permission to identify vulnerabilities and help improve a system’s security. Malicious hacking, often referred to as black-hat hacking, is done with harmful intent, such as stealing data or causing disruptions.

Are ethical hackers in high demand?

Absolutely. As the digital world grows, so does the number of cyber threats. Businesses, governments, and organizations worldwide recognize the importance of cybersecurity and are increasingly seeking the expertise of ethical hackers to safeguard their systems.

How can one become an ethical hacker?

Aspiring ethical hackers usually start with a background in IT or computer science. From there, gaining a strong understanding of networking and systems, learning to code, and studying security principles is essential. Certifications such as the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) or Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP) can also be beneficial.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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