Hardware Examples: The 3 Physical Parts You Need to Know

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Hardware Examples: The 3 Physical Parts You Need to Know

Hardware Examples

Picture the scene: a conductor masterfully leading an orchestra. The conductor is the software, guiding and instructing, while the orchestra, made up of various instruments (the hardware), plays the beautiful symphony. Without the instruments, the conductor’s talents would be wasted; just as software needs hardware to function. Welcome to the world of hardware.


Hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system that include the computer case, monitor, keyboard, and mouse. It also includes all the parts inside the computer case, such as the hard disk drive, motherboard, video card, and many others.

Example 1: The IBM 5150 (1981). This iconic piece of hardware was the original IBM PC, which brought personal computing to the mainstream. It was an affordable and user-friendly option that revolutionized how we interact with technology.

Example 2: iPhone (2007). Apple’s iPhone redefined the smartphone industry. Its user-friendly interface, sleek design, and innovative touchscreen hardware set the standard for future smartphone development.

Example 3: NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 (2020). The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 graphics card is a piece of hardware that offers massive power. It brought unprecedented levels of performance to gamers and creative professionals, ushering in a new era of realistic graphics and smooth gameplay.

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Hardware Examples In-Depth

The IBM 5150 (1981)

A Symphony Begins

Once upon a time, the orchestra of technology was incomplete. We had the conductors (software), but we needed an instrument that would hit the right notes, in the right way, at the right time. Enter the IBM 5150. Unveiled in 1981, this instrument was no violin or trumpet; it was a ‘personal computer.’

Yes, before the IBM 5150, there were computers, but they were like grand pianos – large, expensive, and not something you’d find in every home. The IBM 5150, however, was more like a keyboard. More compact, more affordable, and with the ability to be as versatile as its user required, it was a game-changer.

But what made it so special? Let’s take a look.

A Peek Inside

Let’s pop open the hood, or rather the computer case, of this machine. Inside the beige box, the first thing you’d find was an Intel 8088 microprocessor. Think of this as the brain of the machine, the part that did the thinking and processing.

The IBM 5150 came with either 16 or 64 kilobytes of memory (RAM). That might not sound like a lot today, but back then, it was plenty. This was the notebook where the computer stored information while it was working.

For permanent storage, you’d have the option of a cassette tape drive (yes, like the ones you played music on), or you could upgrade to a floppy disk drive. This was the bookshelf where the computer stored its books and records when it wasn’t using them.

Connect and Create

Now, remember, this was a time when the Internet was not a household word. So how did the IBM 5150 interact with the world? Through a range of connection ports and peripherals. There were slots to connect your monitor, keyboard, and even a printer.

With these connections, the IBM 5150 turned from a simple machine into an instrument for creativity. You could write documents, create spreadsheets, and even play games. Suddenly, technology was not just for the tech wizards; it was for everyone.

The Beginning of a Revolution

The IBM 5150 was more than just a piece of hardware; it was a symbol of change. It marked the beginning of the personal computing revolution, setting the stage for the technology symphony that plays on today. Just like a great instrument, it was user-friendly, versatile, and allowed the user to make their unique music.

And that’s the magic of the IBM 5150. It was the hardware that became the melody of progress, the rhythm of innovation, and the harmony of accessibility. It played its part beautifully, and the echoes of its impact resonate even today.

iPhone (2007)

A Quantum Leap in Your Pocket

Imagine the year is 2007, and you’ve been invited to a magic show. The magician on stage is none other than Steve Jobs, and with a flourish, he pulls out a sleek, rectangular object from his pocket. Voila! The world meets the iPhone, and suddenly, the magic is real.

The iPhone wasn’t just a phone; it was a computer, a camera, a music player, a navigator, and so much more, all tucked away in a device you could carry in your pocket. It was like carrying an entire symphony orchestra around with you, ready to play at your command.

All That Shines is Touch

The most striking aspect of the iPhone was its luminous 3.5-inch touchscreen. Imagine a miniature cinema screen that responded to your touch, a screen where you could ‘swipe’ through your photos, ‘pinch’ to zoom, and ‘tap’ to select. It was a magical wand that translated your gestures into commands.

The Heart of the iPhone

Beneath its shiny exterior, the iPhone was a powerful piece of hardware. It was equipped with an ARM-based 412 MHz CPU and 128 MB of RAM. While these numbers might seem small compared to today’s devices, they were enough to run the device smoothly and keep the user experience fluid.

The iPhone also came with internal storage options of 4GB, 8GB, or 16GB. This was the grand library where you could store your photos, music, videos, apps, and much more.

Connections That Count

One of the revolutionary aspects of the iPhone was its ability to connect to the internet via Wi-Fi or cellular networks. With the iPhone, the internet was no longer something you accessed sitting at a desk; it was in your pocket, ready to be explored at any moment.

The iPhone also came with Bluetooth connectivity, enabling it to communicate wirelessly with other devices. It was like having an invisible messenger, passing notes between devices without any physical connection.

More Than Just a Phone

The iPhone was a canvas of endless possibilities. Its integrated accelerometer allowed for dynamic interaction, enabling it to respond to the tilt and orientation of the device. Coupled with the innovative multi-touch interface, it opened up a whole new world of interactive gaming and app experiences.

The iPhone also came with a 2.0-megapixel camera, turning everyone into a potential photographer. It was like having a pocket-sized art studio, ready to capture and create at a moment’s notice.

A Revolution in Your Pocket

In conclusion, the iPhone, launched in 2007, was a game-changer. It redefined the smartphone landscape, making technology more personal and accessible. The iPhone was more than just a piece of hardware; it was a pocket-sized revolution that transformed how we interact with the world. It was the conductor, the orchestra, and the audience, all in one sleek, elegant device. With the iPhone, the magic became real, and we all got front-row seats to the show.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 (2020)

The Powerhouse Symphony

Imagine stepping into a virtual world, so detailed and vibrant that it seems almost as real as the physical one. Your movements are smooth, the colors are vivid, and the scenes are incredibly lifelike. Welcome to the world powered by the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080, a piece of hardware that made the virtual world come alive.

A Beast Beneath the Surface

The RTX 3080 isn’t just a piece of technology; it’s a powerhouse, a symphony of thousands of tiny processors working in harmony. It’s like a grand orchestra, where each musician plays their part to create a stunning performance.

At the heart of this powerhouse is the Ampere microarchitecture, named after André-Marie Ampere, a physicist who laid the foundation for the science of classical electromagnetism. The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080 features a whopping 8,704 CUDA cores, the tiny musicians in our orchestra, working together to perform complex calculations that bring the virtual world to life.

Speed and Space

To complement the CUDA cores, the RTX 3080 comes with 10 GB of GDDR6X VRAM. This is the sheet music for our orchestra, storing the instructions and data that the cores need to perform their calculations. The “X” in GDDR6X signifies that this VRAM is not just fast, but extra fast, with a memory speed of 19 Gbps.

Creating the Magic

What does this all mean for you? It means ultra-high-resolution gaming, flawless video editing, and seamless 3D modeling. With the RTX 3080, you can play your favorite games with settings maxed out and still maintain buttery smooth frame rates. The lifelike graphics and advanced lighting effects, thanks to the real-time ray tracing technology, make the gaming experience more immersive.

But it’s not just about gaming. If you’re into video editing or 3D rendering, the RTX 3080 can handle large, complex projects with ease. The high memory capacity and fast data transfer rates mean that you can work on your projects in real-time, without any lag or stutter.

The Power of Connectivity

The RTX 3080 also includes an array of ports for connecting to your other devices. It has HDMI and DisplayPort outputs, allowing you to connect multiple monitors and create a panoramic display setup. With the RTX 3080, your virtual canvas just got a whole lot bigger.

The NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080: A Masterpiece of Power

In conclusion, the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080, launched in 2020, is a masterpiece of technology. It’s not just a piece of hardware; it’s a ticket to a world of vibrant colors, smooth movements, and lifelike details. Whether you’re a gamer, a creative professional, or someone who simply demands the best, the RTX 3080 is the maestro that can conduct your symphony of tasks with power and precision.


Technology’s journey, from the advent of the IBM 5150 to the sleek design of the iPhone and the staggering power of the NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080, is a testament to human ingenuity and innovation. Hardware, the tangible side of technology, continues to evolve at a breakneck speed, transforming how we interact with the digital world. The orchestra continues to play, with newer, more sophisticated instruments joining in, conducting an awe-inspiring symphony of progress that resounds through our lives every day.

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Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What makes hardware different from software?

Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer or device, such as the processor, memory, and hard drive. In contrast, software is the set of instructions that tell the hardware what to do. Think of it like this: if the hardware is the body, the software is the mind that directs the body’s actions.

How often should I upgrade my hardware?

The frequency of hardware upgrades depends on several factors, including your device’s current performance, your needs, and advancements in technology. For an average user, a computer can typically last between 3-5 years before requiring significant upgrades. For gamers or professionals who require high-performance hardware, more frequent upgrades may be necessary to keep up with technological advances.

Can software work without hardware?

No, software can’t work without hardware. They are like two halves of a whole. The software needs the hardware to perform tasks and execute commands. It’s like a musician without an instrument; without the instrument, the musician can’t produce music.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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