Information Security Types: The 3 Standards You Need to Know

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Information Security Types: The 3 Standards You Need to Know<br />

Information Security Types

Imagine trying to keep a pesky squirrel out of your precious vegetable garden. You may set up fences, install some scarecrows, and maybe even keep a watchful eye out yourself. That’s exactly what information security is all about, except here, the garden is your computer or network, and the squirrel, a sneaky hacker.


Information security involves measures to defend digital data from unauthorized access, disruption, or destruction, ensuring its confidentiality, integrity, and availability. It’s like a digital guardian, safeguarding your virtual valuables.

Type 1 – Network Security: This is the bouncer at the club door of your network, controlling who gets in and who doesn’t. Network security uses software tools to prevent unauthorized access, misuse, malfunction, modification, or destruction. This is the frontline of your digital defense.

Type 2 – Application Security: This is like the immune system within your device, identifying and neutralizing threats from inside. It includes measures taken to prevent vulnerabilities in the application from being exploited by attackers. This ensures your software is robust enough to withstand the ‘virus’ of cyber threats.

Type 3 – Cryptography: Think of it as invisible ink for your data, making it unreadable to anyone who doesn’t have the secret decoding key. Cryptography encodes data so that only authorized parties can access it, turning your information into a mystery only you can solve. It’s the ultimate game of keep-away in the digital playground.

Don’t become a victim of cybercrime. Protect your devices with the best antivirus software and your privacy with the best VPN service.

Information Security Types In-depth

Network Security: The Bouncer of Your Digital Club

Imagine your computer network as a bustling, exclusive night club. The data flowing in and out are the party-goers having a great time, while potential hackers are the undesired troublemakers trying to sneak in. That’s where Network Security comes in. It’s your sturdy, vigilant bouncer, checking everyone at the door and keeping the unwanted intruders at bay.

At its core, network security is all about setting up rules and procedures to prevent unauthorized access or misuse of your network and its resources. It’s a bit like putting up a fence, installing a security system, and keeping a guard dog to protect your home from intruders, only in this case, your home is the network, and the intruders are cyber attackers.

Locks, Alarms, and Guard Dogs

There are a ton of tools in the network security toolbox that work in harmony to keep your network safe. Think of them as your digital locks, alarms, and guard dogs:

  1. Firewalls: These are your first line of defense, acting like a strict bouncer at the club entrance, only letting in data that meets specific rules.

  2. Antivirus software: This is like your security alarm, scanning your network for known threats, much like an alarm system detecting unusual movement in your home.

  3. Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS): The IPS acts like an observant guard dog, constantly keeping an eye on your network and stopping attacks in real time.

Securing the Virtual Doors

Implementing network security starts with a comprehensive assessment. It’s like a full inspection of your club, identifying all possible entrances and exits, the potential weak points, and the valuable assets you need to protect. The next step is setting up the firewalls, installing the antivirus software, and deploying the IPS to guard these points.

One important aspect of network security is to ensure it is continuously updated to stay one step ahead of hackers. Just like how a club might change its entry rules or bouncer tactics if troublemakers figure out how to bypass them, network security must continually evolve to combat new threats.

But it’s not all about defense. Network security also involves having a good offense. This might include regular network ‘fire drills’, known as penetration testing, where security professionals simulate attacks to test how well the system can defend itself.

Everyone’s Part of the Security Team

In conclusion, network security is a critical aspect of information security, but it’s not just the responsibility of the bouncer at the door. Everyone in the ‘club’ plays a role too. Regularly updating your passwords, being vigilant about suspicious emails, and keeping your devices updated are all ways we can be part of the network security team.

In the grand scheme of things, network security is an essential part of ensuring that our data – our virtual party – keeps on going without any uninvited gatecrashers ruining the fun. It’s the unsung hero, working tirelessly behind the scenes, ensuring the rhythm of our digital life never skips a beat.

Application Security: The Immune System of Your Digital Device

Imagine your device as a living organism, filled with busy apps that are its lifeblood, each doing their part to keep the organism healthy and functioning. But, just like in a living body, malicious threats can infiltrate and wreak havoc. These threats are like viruses, and application security is your digital immune system, working tirelessly to keep your device’s apps healthy and secure.

The Defensive Line-Up

Application security isn’t just one protective measure—it’s an entire lineup of defensive tactics, each aimed at fortifying your device’s applications against potential attacks. These defense mechanisms each play a different role in the team, but they all share the same goal: stopping the ‘virus’ of cyber threats:

  1. Security requirements: This is akin to eating right and exercising regularly—these are practices embedded into the development of the application to ensure its health from the get-go.

  2. Security testing: This is like a regular check-up with your doctor, where vulnerabilities are proactively detected and fixed before they can be exploited.

  3. Encryption: This is like your body’s ability to quarantine threats, sealing off sensitive data so that even if an attacker gains access, they can’t decipher the information.

  4. Patch management: This can be compared to getting a vaccine or a booster shot—it’s the practice of regularly updating and enhancing the application to defend against new strains of threats.

Keeping the Digital Body Healthy

Keeping your applications secure requires consistent maintenance and monitoring. It’s like a fitness regimen for your device—you can’t just set it and forget it. Security requirements need to be established during the development stage, regular ‘health check-ups’ or tests need to be conducted, and patches or ‘vaccinations’ should be administered as soon as they’re available.

Playing Offense

Just as a healthy body can resist illnesses, a well-protected application can withstand cyber attacks. One way to ensure robust application security is to engage in ethical hacking, also known as penetration testing. In essence, it’s like a stress test or a workout for your applications, intentionally probing them for weaknesses so they can be fortified before an actual attack occurs.

We’re All Part of the Digital Health Squad

In conclusion, application security is a critical part of information security that ensures our digital ‘body’ remains healthy and resistant to threats. But remember, we all play a role in maintaining this security. Regularly updating apps, following good cybersecurity practices, and staying vigilant for potential threats are ways we can be part of the digital health squad.

As we navigate this interconnected world, application security continues to evolve to face new challenges. It’s our digital immune system, continuously adapting and fighting to keep our devices—and by extension, our lives—running smoothly. The battle may be silent and unseen, but the triumphs are monumental in keeping our virtual existence healthy and secure.

Cryptography: The Invisible Ink of the Digital World

Do you remember as kids when we used to write secret messages in invisible ink, only to be read by those with the magic decoder? Well, cryptography is pretty much the digital version of that game, turning your data into unreadable secret messages that can only be decoded with a special key. It’s a fascinating field that plays a vital role in securing the data we send and receive every day.

Master of Disguise

In cryptography, the clear, understandable data we start with is called ‘plaintext’. Using a process called ‘encryption’, this plaintext is transformed into ‘ciphertext’—an unreadable jumble of characters. This transformation is like creating your invisible ink message, and the special decoder is the ‘key’ used to turn the ciphertext back into readable plaintext in a process called ‘decryption’.

There are different types of cryptographic methods, each with their unique way of disguising data. Here are a few:

  1. Symmetric encryption: This is like a secret handshake known only to you and your best friend—there’s a single key that both encrypts and decrypts the message. The challenge is securely sharing that key with the intended recipient.

  2. Asymmetric encryption: This is more like a lock-and-key scenario—there are two keys: a public one that anyone can use to encrypt the message, and a private one that only the recipient uses to decrypt it. It’s a safe way to ensure that only the intended recipient can access the data.

  3. Hash functions: This is like a one-way mirror—the data goes in and gets jumbled up, but there’s no key to revert it back. It’s often used to verify data integrity without revealing the actual data.

Guardian of the Digital Treasure Chest

One of the critical roles of cryptography is to secure sensitive data stored on our devices and servers, acting like a lock on a treasure chest. For instance, your passwords are often stored as cryptographic hashes. Even if someone could access these hashes, they wouldn’t be able to reverse-engineer your password.

Cryptography also ensures the safe transit of data across the internet. When you see the little lock symbol in your browser, it’s a sign that cryptography is hard at work, making sure the data you send and receive is for your eyes only.

Securing the Secrets of the Future

With the advent of quantum computing, we’re on the brink of a new era in cryptography. Quantum computers could potentially crack today’s encryption methods, which means the race is on to develop new quantum-resistant cryptographic algorithms. It’s the invisible ink of the future, and the key to keeping our digital secrets safe.

In conclusion, cryptography is a fascinating and essential aspect of information security, providing a crucial line of defense for our digital data. It’s the master of disguise and the guardian of our digital treasure chests. So the next time you use a password, send an email, or make an online transaction, remember that cryptography is there, invisibly protecting you.


Navigating the digital world can sometimes feel like embarking on a thrilling journey through uncharted territory. However, with Network Security as our vigilant gatekeeper, Application Security as our resilient immune system, and Cryptography as our secret message encoder, we can feel confident exploring this landscape. These fascinating types of Information Security work tirelessly to protect our valuable data—our digital treasure—from cyber threats. As we continue to innovate and adapt, these safeguards will only become more robust and essential, allowing us to enjoy the conveniences of the digital world with peace of mind.

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What is the difference between network security and application security?

Network security is about protecting your entire network, acting as a barrier to prevent unauthorized access. On the other hand, application security is more about securing individual software applications from threats that can arise during development or after deployment. Think of network security as the fence around your property and application security as the locks on your doors and windows.

Why is cryptography important in information security?

Cryptography is crucial because it provides a way to secure information by transforming it into unreadable data. This means even if a cyber thief manages to get hold of the data, they won’t be able to understand it without the decryption key. Cryptography is fundamental in areas like online transactions, secure communication, and protecting stored data.

Can information security guarantee complete safety from cyber threats?

While information security uses a range of tactics and technologies to provide robust protection against cyber threats, no system can offer a 100% guarantee of safety. New threats and hacking techniques are constantly emerging, and human error can also lead to security breaches. However, a robust information security system significantly reduces the risk and potential impact of cyber threats, making it a crucial aspect of any digital setup.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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