MacOS Types: The 5 Most Innovative Apple OS Variations

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

MacOS Types: The 5 Most Innovative Apple OS Variations<br />

MacOS Types

Imagine you’re in an art gallery. Each painting is different yet intriguing, just like the various types of MacOS. Each one has its unique features, but all share the same goal: making your computer experience smoother and better. Dive with us into the diverse world of MacOS.


MacOS types refer to the different versions of Apple’s MacOS, each offering unique features, improvements, and fixes, to enhance user experience and system performance on Apple’s computer devices.

  1. macOS 10.13 High Sierra (September 25, 2017)
  2. macOS 10.14 Mojave (September 24, 2018)
  3. macOS 10.15 Catalina (October 7, 2019)
  4. macOS 11 Big Sur (November 12, 2020)
  5. macOS 12 Monterey (October 25, 2021)
  6. macOS 13 Ventura (October 24, 2022)
  7. macOS 14 Sonoma

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MacOS Types – In-depth

MacOS 10.12 Sierra: Your Digital Assistant, Now on Desktop

Think back to 2016, a time when self-driving cars were becoming a reality and virtual reality was stepping out of the science fiction realm. In the tech world, Apple had its own major leap forward: MacOS 10.12 Sierra. Picture MacOS Sierra as a trusted friend who’s always ready to lend a hand – it made your life a whole lot easier!

Sierra was named after the majestic Sierra Nevada mountain range in California. But the real strength of MacOS Sierra wasn’t in its name, but in its capabilities. With Sierra, Apple brought the beloved Siri, the iPhone’s voice-controlled digital assistant, onto desktops for the first time. Imagine having your own digital secretary, ready to do your bidding with just a voice command.

But Siri wasn’t the only star of the show. Picture Sierra as a master organizer, decluttering your digital life. Apple introduced the “Optimized Storage” feature, which automatically moved older files to the cloud, freeing up space for what mattered most. It’s like having an automatic, digital spring-cleaning, keeping your system sleek and snappy!

One of the hidden gems in Sierra was the “Universal Clipboard”. Imagine being able to copy-paste between your iPhone, iPad, and Mac seamlessly. It was like breaking down the walls between devices, creating a harmonious Apple ecosystem. This convenience was just the cherry on top of a pretty impressive MacOS cake!

And let’s not forget about “Auto Unlock” with Apple Watch. It’s like having a digital key to your Mac, tucked on your wrist. The moment you approach your Mac, it would unlock automatically. No more typing in passwords or figuring out combinations!

In short, MacOS 10.12 Sierra was more than just an operating system update. It was a loyal companion, a helpful assistant, and a smart organizer. It helped bring harmony to the Apple ecosystem, and it laid a strong foundation for the MacOS versions that would follow. It was, in many ways, a mountaintop in the landscape of MacOS releases!

MacOS 10.13 High Sierra: Pioneering New Heights in Performance

If MacOS Sierra was a trusty friend, High Sierra was the wise older sibling, building on Sierra’s success and taking it to even greater heights. Introduced in September 2017, High Sierra was named after the high points of the Sierra Nevada mountains. But it’s the under-the-hood advancements that made High Sierra truly live up to its name.

One could liken MacOS High Sierra to a well-trained athlete – on the outside, it may not look much different from its predecessor, but the true improvements lay in its strength, agility, and endurance. That’s precisely what High Sierra brought to the table: peak performance!

The star player of High Sierra was the introduction of Apple File System (APFS). Think of APFS as a smart, efficient librarian, meticulously organizing all the data on your Mac. APFS replaced the older HFS+ system and was a game-changer in terms of speed, security, and efficiency. It’s like moving from a cluttered desk to a neatly organized office!

High Sierra was also like a high-definition artist, delivering crisper and more immersive visuals. It introduced support for High-Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), which allowed for up to 40% better compression than before. This meant your videos looked even better, while taking up less storage space – just imagine getting a bigger, sharper TV while saving on your electricity bill!

Moreover, High Sierra was a virtual reality pioneer, bringing support for VR to the Mac for the very first time. It was as if your Mac suddenly developed the ability to teleport you into different worlds, a real leap forward into the future!

And let’s not forget the updates to beloved apps. The Photos app got a major overhaul, becoming a more powerful, intuitive memory curator. The Safari browser also got smarter, blocking autoplay videos and protecting your privacy more effectively. It’s as if your Mac developed a better sense of what you really want and need.

In summary, MacOS 10.13 High Sierra wasn’t just about surface-level improvements; it was about redefining the Mac’s core capabilities. It’s as if Apple gave the MacOS a thorough tune-up, delivering a better performing, more efficient, and more visually impressive experience for all Mac users. High Sierra was, indeed, a high point in MacOS’s journey!

MacOS 10.14 Mojave: An Oasis of New Features in the MacOS Desert

Ever taken a night walk in the desert, gazing at the stars with nothing but tranquility around you? That’s what Apple brought to your Mac with MacOS 10.14 Mojave. Introduced in September 2018, Mojave was like a breath of fresh night air, named after the Mojave Desert’s breathtaking night skies. With Mojave, Apple introduced a host of new features that transformed the MacOS landscape.

One of the most memorable highlights of Mojave was the introduction of Dark Mode. Imagine turning off the lights in your room and everything around you smoothly transitioning to a relaxing, easier-on-the-eyes look. That’s what Dark Mode was for your Mac – a whole new, aesthetically pleasing look that was easy on your eyes, especially in low-light conditions.

But Dark Mode was just the tip of the iceberg. MacOS Mojave was like a skilled magician, revealing surprise after surprise. The Dynamic Desktop feature was another magic trick. Think of it as a window overlooking a desert landscape, gradually changing from day to night as time passed. This feature subtly shifted your desktop image to match the time of day.

In Mojave, Apple also introduced Stacks, a clever solution to the issue of cluttered desktops. Picture Stacks as an invisible but very efficient desktop cleaner, neatly organizing all your files into tidy stacks. It’s like having a mini housekeeper for your digital workspace, ensuring everything is always in its place.

And let’s not forget about the changes to the Mac App Store. Mojave gave it a thorough makeover, making it more informative and engaging. It was like going from a simple grocery store to a vibrant marketplace, filled with exciting products and insightful editorials.

Moreover, Mojave also enhanced the Finder with Gallery View and Quick Actions. This made it easier than ever to manage and edit your files. Imagine having a high-powered microscope that not only allowed you to view your documents in detail but also quickly carry out edits.

In short, MacOS 10.14 Mojave was an exciting, feature-packed update, offering a refreshing, user-friendly experience. It was like discovering a lush oasis in the middle of a desert, making the journey through the MacOS terrain an even more exciting adventure!

MacOS 10.15 Catalina: Navigating to New Horizons of Productivity

Imagine yourself on a sun-soaked island, exploring new landscapes and diving into crystal-clear waters. That was the feeling Apple aimed to capture with MacOS 10.15 Catalina. Launched in October 2019, Catalina was named after the beautiful Santa Catalina Island off the coast of Southern California. But the true beauty of Catalina was its host of new features and improvements.

The most groundbreaking change Catalina brought was the farewell to iTunes. Think of it as outgrowing your childhood home and moving into three new, modern apartments. With Catalina, iTunes was replaced by three separate, dedicated apps: Music, Podcasts, and TV. It was a giant leap forward in refining and streamlining the Mac experience.

But Catalina wasn’t just about saying goodbye to the old; it was also about welcoming the new. Imagine your iPad and Mac teaming up, sharing their strengths. That’s what Sidecar was all about! This feature allowed you to use your iPad as a second display or a high-precision drawing tablet for your Mac. It was like having a double-scoop ice cream, enjoying the best of both worlds!

Catalina also introduced Voice Control, a powerful accessibility feature. Imagine your Mac responding to your voice commands with precision and intelligence, offering a hands-free way to control your device. It was like getting a voice-activated co-pilot for your digital journey.

And let’s talk about Screen Time, a feature designed to promote healthier device usage. Picture it as a personal time manager, providing detailed reports on how much time you’re spending on your apps and offering controls to help you focus on what really matters.

Another notable feature was the introduction of Catalyst, a framework that made it easier for developers to bring their iPad apps to the Mac. It was like building a bridge between the two platforms, creating a seamless experience for both users and developers.

In summary, MacOS 10.15 Catalina was more than just an OS update. It was a landmark release that bid farewell to some past features while embracing innovative new ones. Like the island it was named after, Catalina was all about exploring new horizons and diving into a sea of opportunities, charting the course for the future of MacOS.

MacOS 11 Big Sur: A Scenic Route to a New MacOS Era

Have you ever driven along a cliff-side road, the ocean stretching out to one side, the landscape changing with every turn? That’s the exhilarating feeling MacOS 11 Big Sur aimed to capture. Released in November 2020, Big Sur was named after a mountainous region along California’s central coast. But the real shift, the real change in landscape, was in the MacOS itself.

Big Sur was a monumental update, so significant that it warranted jumping from version 10.15 to version 11. It was like stepping into a sleek, new sports car, featuring the biggest design overhaul since the introduction of MacOS X. The design was streamlined, modern, and packed with transparency effects and new icons. It felt like your Mac got a fresh coat of paint and a high-end interior redesign.

One of the most exciting features of Big Sur was the introduction of Control Center for Mac, borrowed from its iOS counterpart. Picture this feature as a handy tool belt, offering quick access to useful controls like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, screen brightness, and more. It was like getting a swiss army knife for your digital needs!

Another striking feature of Big Sur was the new Notification Center. Think of it as a personal assistant, tidying up your notifications and widgets into a single, unified view. It’s like having an organized bulletin board that keeps you updated at a glance.

The Messages app also received a major overhaul in Big Sur. It was like your simple mailbox transforming into a powerful communication hub, now offering features like pinned conversations, inline replies, and custom Memoji. It made staying connected with friends, family, or coworkers even more enjoyable!

Also, Safari got supercharged in Big Sur, offering industry-leading speed and battery life. Think of it as switching from a regular bike to a top-tier racing bike – faster, smoother, and more efficient. And with its enhanced privacy features, it was like having a personal bodyguard protecting you online.

In essence, MacOS 11 Big Sur was more than an update. It was a leap into the future, a scenic route into a new era of MacOS. With its fresh design and enhanced features, Big Sur certainly lived up to its name, providing a ‘big’ and ‘surprising’ experience for every Mac user! 


Just like an exhilarating road trip through varying landscapes, our journey through the different versions of MacOS has been filled with exciting developments and incredible sights. From Sierra’s introduction of Siri on desktop to Big Sur’s significant design overhaul, each MacOS release has aimed to make our digital lives more efficient, enjoyable, and integrated. It’s evident that Apple isn’t just iterating on its existing technology, but constantly seeking new horizons to explore, charting a future where the limits of our tech experiences are expanded. As we wait for the next MacOS version, one thing is for sure: our journey through the MacOS landscape is far from over!

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Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What is the MacOS?

MacOS is Apple’s operating system for their desktop and laptop computers, known as Macs. It’s the software that powers these machines, allowing you to do everything from browsing the web and checking email to creating digital masterpieces and writing complex code.

How often does Apple release new MacOS versions?

Apple typically releases a major new version of MacOS once a year, usually in the fall. These annual updates bring new features, design tweaks, and under-the-hood improvements to keep the MacOS experience fresh and exciting.

How can I update my Mac to the latest MacOS version?

Updating your Mac to the latest MacOS version is usually quite simple. You can check for updates by going to the Apple menu > System Preferences > Software Update. If an update is available, you’ll be able to download and install it from this screen. Remember, it’s always a good idea to back up your data before performing an update.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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