Operating System Examples: The 5 OS Running the Online World

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Operating System Examples: The 5 OS Running the Online World

Operating System Examples

You know how the brain functions as the control center of the human body? Think of an operating system in the same way. It’s the brain of a computer, coordinating everything from simple file management to complex tasks like video editing or game playing.


An operating system (OS) is like a computer’s brain. It’s the software that manages hardware, software resources, and provides various services for computer programs.

  • Windows 10 (Microsoft, released in July 2015)
  • macOS Big Sur (Apple, released in November 2020)
  • Linux Kernel 5.14 (Linus Torvalds, released in August 2021)
  • iOS 15 (Apple, released in September 2021)
  • Android 12 (Google, released in September 2021)

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Operating System Examples – In-depth

Windows 10: A Master Conductor Orchestrating a Digital Symphony

Picture an orchestra in full swing. The conductor, at the helm, harmonizes the individual musicians, blending their melodies into one harmonious symphony. Now, imagine that symphony as your computer, and the conductor as Windows 10. This popular operating system, developed by Microsoft, fine-tunes and directs the various components of your computer to work together, creating a seamless, integrated experience.

Released in July 2015, Windows 10 marked a significant shift in Microsoft’s approach to operating systems. Instead of introducing entirely new versions every few years, Microsoft envisioned Windows 10 as the “last” version of Windows. The idea was to roll out continual updates, keeping the system fresh and current, rather than overhauling everything and starting from scratch.

Think of it like a house that you continuously renovate and improve, rather than tearing down to rebuild entirely every few years. This strategy is known as “Windows as a Service,” and it’s like having a team of round-the-clock builders and decorators ensuring your digital home stays modern and comfortable.

Windows 10 is full of features designed to make your computing life easier. One of its signature features is the re-introduced Start Menu, combining the traditional list-style menu from Windows 7 with the live tiles popularized in Windows 8. It’s like having the best of both old and new, a delightful blend of comfort and innovation.

Cortana, Microsoft’s voice-activated digital assistant, also comes built into Windows 10. Imagine having a helpful assistant, always ready to find that elusive file, tell you the weather, or even tell a joke when you need a laugh. In the realm of Windows 10, Cortana is that friendly companion, ever ready to help you navigate your digital world.

Moreover, Windows 10 offers a host of other features like Windows Ink for stylus and touchscreen interaction, Windows Hello for biometric authentication, and a dedicated gaming mode. It’s like a Swiss army knife, packed with tools for every occasion, ensuring you’re ready for anything that comes your way.

Security-wise, Windows 10 offers robust protection. Like a digital bodyguard, it safeguards your system from viruses, malware, and other threats, keeping your digital environment safe and secure.

In essence, Windows 10 is the unseen conductor of your digital orchestra, ensuring that all elements of your computer work in harmony. Whether you’re browsing the web, sending emails, playing games, or creating masterpieces, Windows 10 guides the performance, setting the stage for your digital life to unfold seamlessly.

macOS Big Sur: The Brain Powering Your Apple Experience

Let’s start with a thought experiment. Imagine the human brain, with its countless neurons, all working together to manage your thoughts, your senses, even your heartbeat. Now, think of the macOS Big Sur as the brain of your Apple computer, harmonizing and coordinating its various parts to provide an efficient, seamless user experience.

Unveiled in June 2020 and released to the public in November of the same year, macOS Big Sur was a giant leap forward in the evolution of Apple’s operating systems. Named after the stunningly scenic Big Sur region of California, this version brought with it an aesthetic facelift and a host of impressive functionalities that enhanced the usability of Apple devices.

It’s kind of like getting a complete makeover and attending a personal growth seminar all at once. Not only do you look better, but you also walk away with new skills and improved capabilities.

One of the standout features of Big Sur is its refined design. Apple gave the interface a sleek makeover, with simplified icons, a translucent menu bar, and a more spacious look. Imagine your workspace undergoing a transformation, becoming more modern, inviting, and easy-to-navigate. That’s the visual uplift that Big Sur brought to your digital workspace.

But Big Sur is more than just a pretty face. It introduced the Control Center to the Mac world, a feature borrowed from its cousin, iOS. Think of Control Center as your personal command station, allowing you to quickly access and control things like brightness, volume, Wi-Fi, and more. It’s like having a compact, digital Swiss Army Knife, always on standby for your convenience.

And then there’s the introduction of the new M1 chip compatibility. It’s as if Apple gave your computer a new, more powerful brain, capable of faster processing and better energy efficiency.

Let’s not forget about privacy, either. Big Sur enhances user privacy with features like Privacy Report in Safari, which reveals how websites are using (or misusing) your data. It’s like having a reliable watchdog, keeping an eye on your digital activities and ensuring your private information stays private.

In essence, macOS Big Sur is the brain of your computer, harmonizing all the hardware and software components, and making sure everything runs smoothly. Whether you’re designing a complex graphic, browsing the web, or binge-watching your favorite show, Big Sur is the invisible power ensuring you have an efficient, enjoyable, and safe computing experience.

Linux Kernel 5.14: The Versatile Stagehand of Your Digital Theater

Imagine you’re at a theater performance. Behind the scenes, a dedicated team of stagehands expertly manages the lights, sound, props, and set changes. Their work, though unseen, is critical to the flawless unfolding of the play. Similarly, the Linux Kernel 5.14 operates behind the curtains of your computer system, ensuring that everything runs smoothly and effectively.

The Linux Kernel, first released by Linus Torvalds in 1991, is the heart and soul of various operating systems, known collectively as Linux distributions. Some popular ones include Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian. Picture this kernel as the underlying software that makes it possible for all other applications on your system to interact with the hardware of your computer.

In August 2021, Linux Kernel 5.14 was introduced to the world. Think of it as a new and improved stagehand joining the crew, bringing along new skills and techniques to enhance the performance.

One significant improvement in Linux Kernel 5.14 was its enhanced hardware support. Picture a stagehand who can now manage not only the lights and sound but also the special effects and pyrotechnics. This kernel update means better performance and compatibility with a broader range of computer hardware.

Linux Kernel 5.14 also improved system security. Just as a vigilant stagehand keeps an eye out for any potential mishaps during the performance, this kernel update enhances the overall safety of your system, ensuring a secure and stable digital environment.

But what’s truly special about Linux and its kernel is its open-source nature. Imagine if, instead of just watching the play, you could actively participate in it, suggest changes, or even rewrite parts of the script. That’s the power of open-source software. Users and developers worldwide can modify and improve the Linux kernel, fostering a sense of global collaboration and continual improvement.

So, whether you’re coding a new software, browsing the internet, or running a server, the Linux Kernel 5.14 is the unseen stagehand ensuring your digital show goes on without a hitch. It coordinates, manages, and enhances your system, making sure that every part plays its role to perfection.

iOS 15: The Unseen Conductor of Your Apple Orchestra

Imagine an orchestra, each musician expertly playing their instrument. Behind it all, a conductor weaves together the various melodies, creating a harmonious symphony. Now, picture this conductor as iOS 15, the operating system behind your Apple devices. It coordinates and harmonizes all elements, providing a seamless, melodious user experience.

iOS 15, released by Apple in September 2021, came with a symphony of new features designed to enhance the way we use our iPhones. Think of it as adding new instruments to the orchestra, expanding the range of melodies that can be produced.

One key feature is FaceTime’s new spatial audio function. Imagine being able to hear your friends’ voices as if they were in the room with you during a call. This feature turns this into a reality, making virtual conversations more immersive and natural.

Then there’s the new Focus mode, a personalized version of the Do Not Disturb feature. This is like having a vigilant stage manager, ensuring that only the most important notifications get through to you during specific activities or times of the day.

iOS 15 also introduced Live Text, a feature that allows your camera and photos to recognize and interact with text. Picture this as a magical magnifying glass, able to lift words off almost any surface and letting you interact with them.

The Safari browser also got a makeover, with a streamlined design and improved tab management. Imagine your digital reading room being reorganized for better accessibility, with your favorite books (websites) within easy reach.

And let’s not forget the enhanced privacy features. With Mail Privacy Protection and App Privacy Report, iOS 15 is like a diligent bodyguard, keeping your personal information safe from prying eyes.

In essence, iOS 15 is the unseen conductor of your digital orchestra, orchestrating every element to create a symphony of functionality. Whether you’re making a FaceTime call, browsing the web, or capturing memories, iOS 15 is there, ensuring everything performs harmoniously, offering you a seamless, enjoyable user experience.

Android 12: The Stage Director of Your Digital Play

Imagine you’re watching a play. Behind the scenes, a director carefully orchestrates every movement, every dialogue, every scene change, all to create a seamless, engaging performance. Now, envision this director as Android 12, the operating system of your device, coordinating and directing each element to provide a smooth, enjoyable user experience.

Android 12, released by Google in September 2021, is an evolution in the Android series that introduces several enhancements and new features. Picture it as a new director taking charge, bringing fresh ideas, and shaking up the traditional way of putting on the show.

One of the most notable features of Android 12 is its new design, known as Material You. Imagine walking into a room that changes colors to match your outfit, adapting to reflect your style and mood. Material You does this for your device, personalizing colors and styles based on your wallpaper, ensuring a unique, tailored user experience.

Privacy has also been given center stage in Android 12. With features like Privacy Dashboard and the new App Hibernation, Android 12 acts like a vigilant security guard, protecting your personal data and ensuring apps don’t use more resources than necessary.

A standout feature is the new conversation widgets. Imagine having a designated spot on your stage where you can see and manage all your chats and messages. This is what conversation widgets provide, giving you easy access to your ongoing conversations right from the home screen.

Then there’s the improved auto-rotate feature. Picture a stage that automatically adjusts to provide the best viewing angle, no matter how you’re seated. The auto-rotate feature uses face detection to determine the orientation of your device, ensuring optimal viewing at all times.

In essence, Android 12 is the unseen director of your digital play, coordinating the various elements to create a performance tailored to your preferences. Whether you’re messaging a friend, browsing the web, or playing a game, Android 12 is there, ensuring everything unfolds seamlessly, providing a personal, enjoyable user experience.


Just as a conductor directs an orchestra, or a director orchestrates a play, an operating system choreographs the digital dance between the software and hardware of your device.

From Windows 10’s evolving adaptability to macOS Big Sur’s sleek design, from Linux Kernel 5.14’s versatile compatibility to iOS 15’s symphony of new features, and Android 12’s personalized touch, we’ve journeyed through a spectrum of digital landscapes.

Each operating system, with its unique strengths and innovative features, contributes to the ever-evolving world of technology, enabling us to work, create, learn, and connect in countless ways. Remember, no matter which system powers your device, it’s all about making the symphony of digital life harmonious and engaging.

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What's the difference between an operating system and a software application?

Picture an operating system as the stage upon which a play takes place. It sets the groundwork and establishes the rules. A software application, on the other hand, is like an actor performing on that stage. In more technical terms, the operating system manages the computer’s hardware and provides services for software applications to run.

Is there an ideal operating system for everyone?

That’s like asking if there’s an ideal flavor of ice cream for everyone. Everyone has their preferences based on their needs, habits, and comfort. Some people prefer the user-friendly and intuitive interface of iOS or macOS, while others love the flexibility and customization options of Android or Linux. It’s all about what works best for you.

Are all versions of the Linux Kernel the same?

Not exactly. Think of the Linux Kernel versions as a series of books in a saga. Each new book (or version) carries the storyline forward, introducing new elements and improvements. Similarly, each version of the Linux Kernel brings enhancements, updates, and sometimes new features, contributing to better performance and functionality. So, while they share the same roots, each version has its unique strengths.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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