Operating System Types: The 5 OS Powering the Digital Age

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Operating System Types: The 5 OS Powering the Digital Age

Operating System Types

Think of your favorite restaurant. It has a menu, a kitchen, and a staff that makes it all run smoothly. Now, imagine if your computer was that restaurant, and the operating system was its management team. Like a well-oiled machine, it keeps everything running smoothly, while you, the customer, interact with it to get your needs met.


An operating system (OS) is like the computer’s brain—it manages software, hardware, and files, enabling you to interact with your computer seamlessly and effectively.

Type 1 – Windows 10 (Microsoft, Released in July 2015) – Continues to receive updates.

Type 2 – macOS Monterey (Apple, Announced in June 2021, Released in October 2021) – The latest version of macOS, which introduced features such as Universal Control and Focus.

Type 3 – Ubuntu 21.04 (Canonical, Released in April 2021) – A Linux distribution that focuses on improving performance and stability.

Type 4 – iOS 15 (Apple, Released in September 2021) – The latest version of Apple’s mobile operating system with new features like FaceTime enhancements and Live Text.

Type 5 – Android 12 (Google, Released in October 2021) – The latest version of Android, introducing a new “Material You” design and improved privacy settings.

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Operating System Types – In-depth

Windows 10

If we were to draw a parallel between operating systems and movies, then Windows 10 would be the blockbuster of this universe. It’s like the superhero film that packs in a little bit of everything, keeping the audience engaged, and leaving room for new exciting updates or sequels.

Debuting in July 2015, Windows 10 swept onto the tech stage like a breath of fresh air. It combined the best elements of its predecessors, sprinkling in some impressive new features to charm its users. Much like a well-trained maestro, it orchestrates the hardware and software components of your computer, creating a symphony of seamless user experience.

Ever been to a magic show? Windows 10’s start menu is just like that, filled with tricks and surprises. You’ll find live tiles flitting with updates, displaying snippets from your emails, or weather updates, and more. And just like a magic hat, it also has deep, mysterious depths. With a simple search, you can summon any program or file, like pulling a rabbit out of the hat!

If you’re a fan of throwing parties, then you’ll love the multitasking features in Windows 10. Picture this: It’s like hosting a house party where every guest—be it applications or web pages—has its own room (or window), and you, the gracious host, can pop in and out of these rooms at your leisure. That’s not all! There’s a little soiree on the side called “Task View,” where you can see all your open ‘parties’ at a glance.

And what about security, you ask? Well, Windows 10 is like your own personal superhero, equipped with built-in defenses to keep your computer safe. With Windows Defender Antivirus, you’re guarded against viruses, malware, and spyware. It’s like having your own Batman vigilantly watching over your system, keeping those cyber bad guys at bay!

Lastly, much like a favourite novel with new chapters released periodically, Windows 10 has regular updates that introduce new features, fix any bugs and ensure your system is tuned to the latest performance standards. So, the story of your Windows 10 experience is continuously evolving, providing a thrill at every turn!

In essence, Windows 10 is like a jack-of-all-trades, juggling tasks, entertainment, and security all at once, while maintaining an intuitive and user-friendly experience. It’s the trusted companion for many, navigating the high seas of the digital world with ease and reliability.

So, are you ready to embark on your Windows 10 adventure?

macOS Monterey

Think of macOS Monterey as your favorite gourmet restaurant – it’s polished, sophisticated, and offers an experience like no other. Just as you’d expect culinary delights from such a place, Monterey, the latest dish served by Apple, presents a platter of technologically advanced features, cooked to perfection.

Introduced in October 2021, macOS Monterey is like a refined symphony, blending the power of hardware with the grace of software to deliver an experience that is harmonious and intuitive. It’s as if the maestro is conducting a performance, where each note hit by your Mac sings a perfect melody.

Monterey’s key feature, Universal Control, is like having a superpower. Imagine being able to move objects with your mind from one place to another. With Universal Control, you can control your Mac and iPad using a single mouse and keyboard, transferring files as easily as if telekinesis was at your fingertips!

Another aspect of Monterey that shines is the Focus mode. It’s akin to a personal assistant who knows exactly when to hold your calls when you’re in a meeting, or let through that message from a loved one during your downtime. This feature allows you to customize your notification preferences according to different activities, ensuring you stay focused on the task at hand.

Monterey also adds color to mundane tasks. The Quick Note feature is like having a magic notebook at your disposal, allowing you to jot down thoughts or ideas from any application or website. It’s like having a little thought-bubble pop up just when you need it!

And as for security? Think of Monterey as your personal bodyguard, equipped with top-of-the-line protective features. With Mail Privacy Protection, it’s like you have an invisible shield that stops senders from knowing when an email is opened or from seeing your IP address. Your information remains your own – safe and secure.

Like an artist revealing his masterpiece, Monterey introduces Live Text in photos. It’s like having a pair of smart glasses that can recognize text in your images, allowing you to interact with them. It’s akin to your photos coming alive, ready to share their secrets with you!

In a nutshell, macOS Monterey is the fine wine of operating systems – smooth, rich, and satisfying with every sip. It’s not just an upgrade, it’s a leap into the future, where every interaction is effortless and every feature is a delight. So, are you ready to savor the experience of macOS Monterey?

Ubuntu 21.04

Imagine setting off on an open-road adventure with a reliable, feature-packed, yet easy-to-drive vehicle. That’s Ubuntu 21.04 for you – it’s like the versatile SUV of the operating system world that takes you where you want to go, offering a comfortable and secure ride all the way.

Released in April 2021, Ubuntu 21.04, also known as “Hirsute Hippo,” acts like a resourceful tour guide. It shows you around your computer, orchestrating interactions between you, the hardware, and the software. This Linux distribution is all about providing a smooth, user-friendly journey, with performance and stability taking the driver’s seat.

One of Ubuntu’s highlights is its flexibility. Like a Swiss Army knife, it packs a multitude of uses. Whether you’re a student, a software developer, a business professional, or a server administrator, Ubuntu 21.04 has the tools you need. It can transform from a word processor to a web server to a programming platform in a snap!

Ubuntu’s workspace management is akin to having an efficient personal organizer. Picture an organized desk with compartments for each type of task. With Ubuntu, each open application or document is a compartment, and you can swiftly switch between them, making multitasking a breeze. It’s like juggling multiple tasks, but with a superpower to keep everything perfectly balanced.

Security in Ubuntu is like having a trustworthy watchdog that never sleeps. It keeps a vigilant eye on your system’s safety, barking at any suspicious activity. Ubuntu 21.04 introduces a private home directory by default, enhancing this security by making it tougher for rogue applications to access your personal files.

What’s more, Ubuntu’s software manager is like a bustling city market, filled with thousands of free software and applications ready for you to discover and install. Whether you need an image editor, a game, or office software, Ubuntu’s got you covered.

The magic of Ubuntu 21.04 lies in its ability to be both powerful and straightforward. It’s the friendly neighborhood superhero of operating systems – approachable, reliable, and packed with hidden superpowers ready to be unleashed. So, are you ready to ride along with Ubuntu 21.04 on your digital journey?

iOS 15

Picture being at a bustling carnival full of exciting games, delightful attractions, and magical surprises around every corner. That’s iOS 15 for you – it’s like a vibrant festival of features, where each innovation adds more color and joy to the user experience.

Unveiled in September 2021, iOS 15 is akin to an expert tour guide, seamlessly leading you through the enchanting world of your iPhone. It orchestrates the symphony of applications, data, and hardware to create an experience that is as delightful as it is intuitive.

FaceTime in iOS 15 is like your own private teleportation device. It can whisk you and your loved ones into the same room, even if you’re continents apart. With Spatial Audio, voices in a group call sound as if they’re coming from the direction where the person is located on the screen. It’s like your iPhone has transformed into a stage, and your friends are the performers!

Another standout feature is Live Text. It’s as if your iPhone has gained the ability to read. It identifies and understands text in photos, allowing you to interact with it. It’s like your photo album has come alive and started telling you its own stories.

iOS 15’s Focus mode is like a personal assistant who understands your routines and helps you concentrate. Whether you’re at work, having personal time, or working out, it adjusts your notifications according to the scenario. It’s like having an intelligent gatekeeper, managing the flood of information based on your current activity.

The updated Apple Maps in iOS 15 is like an adventurer’s compass, guiding you with extraordinary precision. Its detailed city experience allows you to explore cities with a 3D view of buildings, landmarks, and night mode – it’s like having a miniaturized city right in your hands!

Finally, the privacy features in iOS 15 act as your personal bodyguard, defending you against intrusions into your personal data. Mail Privacy Protection stops senders from knowing if you’ve opened an email or tracking your IP. It’s like having an invisible shield guarding your privacy.

In a nutshell, iOS 15 is like a box of wonders that keeps surprising you at every turn. It’s not just an update – it’s an evolution, a transformation that makes your iPhone more intuitive, more enjoyable, and more personal. So, are you ready to join the carnival that is iOS 15?

Android 12

Think of stepping into an art studio where you can shape, mold, and paint your surroundings according to your preferences. That’s Android 12 for you – it’s like a playground of customization, offering you the tools to make your digital world uniquely yours.

Launched in October 2021, Android 12 is like a skilled conductor, coordinating your apps, data, and device to create an experience that’s smooth, intuitive, and just as you like it. It’s a platform where your smartphone learns your dance steps, matching your rhythm with every swipe, tap, or scroll.

One of Android 12’s star attractions is the Material You design. It’s as if your phone is an expert artist that takes the colors from your wallpaper and uses them to paint your interface. The result? A look that’s uniquely yours, a visual symphony that sings your style.

The new privacy features in Android 12 act like a robust fortress protecting your personal information. With Privacy Dashboard and app hibernation, you control what information your apps can access and when they can access it. It’s like having a vigilant guard, ensuring your data remains safely behind the castle walls.

Quick settings and notification shade in Android 12 are like your personalized command center. Whether you want to turn on your flashlight, connect to a new Wi-Fi, or snooze notifications, it’s all a swipe away. It’s like having a control panel that’s in tune with your needs.

Android 12’s auto-rotate feature is akin to a smart assistant who anticipates your moves. It looks at the angle of your face to determine the phone’s orientation, making your screen follow your sight. It’s like your phone understands your perspective, adjusting its display to suit your view.

Finally, with its performance improvements, Android 12 is like a well-oiled sports car, ready to offer a smooth ride while efficiently managing resources. It ensures your device runs the marathon of your daily use without breaking a sweat, keeping your digital journey swift and responsive.

In essence, Android 12 is an operating system that offers you the artist’s palette and the canvas, inviting you to create your unique digital masterpiece. So, are you ready to wield your brush and explore the world of Android 12?


Just as we wrap up a captivating adventure, it’s fascinating to see how operating systems like Windows 10, macOS Monterey, Ubuntu 21.04, iOS 15, and Android 12 have transformed our digital landscapes. These are more than just interfaces between you and your device; they are guides on an ever-evolving digital journey. They cater to our needs, safeguard our information, and above all, enhance our experiences. Whether you’re a fan of the artistic flexibility of Android 12, the telekinetic-like control of macOS Monterey, or the reliable comfort of Windows 10, each OS has its unique charm. So here’s to a future where we continue to navigate the digital universe with these remarkable tools at our fingertips!

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What is the primary function of an operating system?

The primary function of an operating system is to manage the hardware and software resources of a computer or a mobile device. It serves as an interface between the user and the system, helping execute tasks like running applications, managing files, connecting to the internet, and much more.

Which operating system is the best?

The “best” operating system depends on your individual needs and preferences. For instance, if you value a customizable and open-source platform, you might prefer Ubuntu or Android. If you’re looking for a seamless integration with other devices and robust security, macOS or iOS might be your choice. For compatibility and familiarity, you might lean towards Windows.

Can I have more than one operating system on my computer?

Yes, it’s possible to have more than one operating system on your computer, a setup known as dual-booting. For instance, you can have both Windows and Ubuntu on the same machine, choosing which one to boot up when you start your computer. However, setting up a dual-boot system can be complex and is usually undertaken by more tech-savvy users.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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