Ransomware Types: The 3 Most Dangerous Extortions (2023)

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Ransomware Types: The 3 Most Dangerous Extortions (2023)<br />

Ransomware Types

Picture this. You’re at a cafe, typing away on your laptop. Suddenly, a hooded figure grabs it and locks it in a safe. They slide you a note: ‘Pay up, and you’ll get the code to unlock it.’ Welcome to the world of ransomware, the digital equivalent of this dramatic scene.


Ransomware is malicious software that hijacks and locks users’ data, demanding payment for its release. It’s a digital hostage situation, where your files are the victims, and money is the kidnapper’s demand.

Type 1 – Crypto Ransomware: Like a sophisticated lock on your home door, crypto ransomware encrypts all your files, making them unreadable. You might still have the house, but without the key (or decryption code), you can’t access what’s inside. Some notorious examples include the WannaCry and Locky ransomware.

Type 2 – Locker Ransomware: Imagine you’re locked out of your own house entirely. Locker ransomware does precisely that but to your device, denying access to everything from apps to files. It’s like sealing your computer inside a vault.

Type 3 – Scareware: Scareware is like a con artist pretending to be a police officer, convincing you of a non-existent threat. It bombards you with false alerts about malware or illegal content on your device, urging you to pay for fake solutions. It manipulates fear, not data.

Don’t become a victim of cybercrime. Protect your devices with the best antivirus software and your privacy with the best VPN service.

Ransomware Types In-depth

Crypto Ransomware: The Invisible Safe Cracker

Imagine your home filled with invisible safes. Each of your treasured possessions is locked inside these safes, and one fine morning, you wake up to realize that all the combinations have changed. The precious photos from your last vacation, your important work documents, even your favorite playlists are all inaccessible. The safes are still in your home, but the contents might as well be on another planet. This is the experience of being hit by crypto ransomware.

Crypto ransomware is the digital equivalent of a crafty safe cracker, but one who doesn’t steal your valuables. Instead, they change all the locks. Technically speaking, crypto ransomware is a type of malicious software that encrypts your files. Encryption is like a complex mathematical lock, and without the correct key (or in this case, a decryption code), it’s nearly impossible to retrieve your data.

The trickster behind this high-tech heist? More often than not, it’s a nefarious code, slipped into your device via a deceptive email, a misleading download, or a sneaky website visit. Once it infiltrates your system, it’s a swift and silent operation. One by one, your files are encrypted, locked away in an invisible vault.

Famous (or rather, infamous) examples of crypto ransomware include the notorious WannaCry and Locky. They’ve caused chaos across the globe, from hospitals in the UK to businesses in the US, leaving a trail of inaccessible data and hefty ransom demands.

But don’t lose hope just yet! While crypto ransomware can sound like something from a spy thriller, knowledge is your secret weapon. By understanding how these invisible safe crackers work, we can take steps to protect our digital homes. Cybersecurity may seem intimidating, but think of it like installing a good security system for your house – it takes some effort, but it keeps your valuables safe.

In the end, facing crypto ransomware might feel like waking up in a house full of locked safes, but remember, every lock has a key. In our next sections, we’ll discuss ways to find these keys and keep your digital life safe.

I hope this engaging exploration of crypto ransomware helps! Let me know if there’s anything more you need.

Locker Ransomware: The Digital Doorman Gone Rogue

Imagine waking up one day to find that your friendly doorman has turned against you. Instead of a cheerful morning greeting, he crosses his arms, plants himself firmly in your doorway, and demands payment to let you in. You can see your home right there, but you can’t reach it. This is exactly how victims of locker ransomware feel.

Locker ransomware is a type of digital barricade, a malicious software that prevents you from accessing your own device. Instead of locking your individual valuables like crypto ransomware does, locker ransomware locks you out of the entire house!

Your screen is taken over by a demand for payment, blocking you from using your apps, accessing your files, or even logging into your system. It’s like being trapped outside while all your belongings are just out of reach, behind a locked door.

This stubborn digital doorman usually sneaks in through similar channels as crypto ransomware, such as malicious emails or infected downloads. Once in, it swiftly takes over, denying you entry to your own digital world.

But it’s not all doom and gloom. Remember, even the sternest doorman has a soft spot. There are ways to negotiate your way past locker ransomware’s tough exterior. This includes things like updating your software regularly, avoiding suspicious emails or websites, and having a strong, reliable backup system.

Also, it’s important to remember that paying the ransom isn’t a guaranteed way back into your home. Think about it, would you trust a rogue doorman who locked you out once not to do it again? In some cases, victims have paid, only to find the door remains stubbornly shut, or even worse, opens only to reveal another ransom note.

In the battle against locker ransomware, knowledge and prevention are your keys to the door. By understanding the threat and taking preventative measures, you can keep your digital home secure. So, the next time a rogue doorman tries to block your way, you’ll be ready.

In the coming sections, we’ll go through the ways to keep this digital doorman in check and your devices safe.

I hope this journey through the world of locker ransomware has been insightful! Let me know if there’s anything else you need.

Scareware: The Digital Bogeyman Under the Bed

Picture a shifty character lurking in your home, constantly whispering stories of monsters under your bed, ghosts in your attic, and ghouls in your basement. Terrified, you pay them to get rid of these non-existent threats. You’ve just been duped by a con artist, or in the digital world, you’ve been hit by scareware.

Scareware is a type of ransomware that feeds off your fear, hence the name. It’s like the digital equivalent of the boy who cried wolf, but this boy is a devious software tricking you into believing there are wolves when there aren’t any. Scareware bombards you with alarming alerts and warning messages, claiming your device is infested with viruses or illegal content.

You might see messages like “Your computer is infected! Click here to clean it now!” or “Illegal activity detected! Pay to avoid prosecution!”. These are the scare tactics employed by scareware. It seeks to panic you into paying for a solution to a problem that doesn’t exist, or worse, it’s a smokescreen to divert your attention while other malware infiltrates your system.

Scareware is the master of masquerade, often posing as legitimate security software, offering to ‘clean’ your system for a fee. It usually sneaks onto your device via a rogue website, a malicious download, or even through legitimate-looking ads.

However, remember, this is just the bogeyman under the bed. There’s a lot of bark but no bite. In most cases, the threats scareware warns you about aren’t real. This doesn’t make it any less dangerous, though. It can still cause unnecessary stress, financial loss, and in some cases, lead to further infections.

The key to combating scareware is being able to distinguish between the genuine alerts from your legitimate security software and the fake ones. Always scrutinize the source and never rush into paying a fee out of panic. Most importantly, keep your system updated with a trusted security program.

When it comes to scareware, knowledge is your flashlight. Shine it under the bed, and the scary shadows disappear. In the upcoming sections, we’ll look at more strategies to unmask this digital bogeyman and keep your devices safe.

I hope you’ve enjoyed this revealing look into scareware! Let me know if there’s anything else you need.


We’ve taken a digital walk down some tricky alleys in our online world, shining a light on the villains of the cyber realm: Crypto Ransomware, Locker Ransomware, and Scareware. They may seem intimidating, like elusive villains with their own unique tactics, but remember, with the right knowledge and tools, they can be held at bay. We have the power to lock our doors, keep our systems updated, and question the alerts that seem suspicious. In the end, your digital life is your own. Keep it safe, stay vigilant, and remember, every lock has a key.

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What's the best way to prevent ransomware attacks?

The most effective prevention methods include regularly updating your software, avoiding suspicious emails, websites, or downloads, using a robust antivirus software, and regularly backing up your data. Remember, prevention is always better than a cure.

What should I do if my computer is infected with ransomware?

First, don’t panic. Disconnect from the internet to prevent the ransomware from spreading to network-connected devices. Report the incident to local authorities and your cybersecurity provider. If you have a recent backup of your files, you may be able to restore your system. If not, professional help from a cybersecurity company may be needed. Do consider the implications before paying a ransom, as it doesn’t guarantee getting your files back and encourages more attacks.

How can I tell the difference between scareware and a legitimate threat?

Genuine security alerts will never ask you to pay a fee to clean your system. If you see a message making such demands, it’s likely scareware. Also, legitimate software does not typically use fear-based language or urge you to act immediately. Always scrutinize the source of the alert and rely on trusted security software to identify real threats.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

Security Software

Best Antivirus for Windows 11
Best Antivirus for Mac
Best Antivirus for Android
Best Antivirus for iOS
Best VPN for Windows 11

Cyber Threats

Advanced Persistent Threat (APT)
Adware Examples
Black Hat Hacker
Botnet Examples
Brute Force Attack
Business Email Compromise (BEC)
Computer Virus
Computer Virus Examples
Computer Worm
Computer Worm Examples
Credential Stuffing
Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Examples
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Types
Crypto Scam
Cyber Espionage
Cyber Risk
Cyber Squatting
Cyber Threat
Cyber Threat Examples
Cyber Threat Types
Cyberbullying Examples
Cyberbullying Types
Cybercrime Examples
Cybercrime Types
Cyberstalking Examples
Data Breach
Data Breach Examples
Data Breach Types
Data Leak
DDoS Attack
DDoS Attack Examples
Deepfake Examples
Doxxing Examples
Email Spoofing
Exploit Examples
Exploit Types
Fileless Malware
Grey Hat Hacker
Hacking Examples
Hacking Types
Identity Theft
Identity Theft Examples
Identity Theft Types
Insider Threat
IP Spoofing
Keylogger Types
Malicious Code
Malicious Code Examples
Malware Examples
Malware Types
Man In The Middle Attack
Man in the Middle Attack Examples
Online Scam
Password Cracking
Password Spraying
Phishing Email
Phishing Email Examples
Phishing Examples
Phishing Types
Ransomware Examples
Ransomware Types
Rootkit Examples
Security Breach
Session Hijacking
Smurf Attack
Social Engineering
Social Engineering Examples
Social Engineering Types
Spam Examples
Spam Types
Spear Phishing
Spear Phishing Examples
Spoofing Examples
Spyware Examples
SQL Injection
SQL Injection Examples
SQL Injection Types
Trojan Horse
Trojan Horse Examples
Watering Hole Attack
Whale Phishing
Zero Day Exploit
Zero Day Exploit Examples