Wi-Fi Types: The 3 Standards Enabling Connectivity (2023)

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

Wi-Fi Types: The 3 Standards Enabling Connectivity (2023)

Wi-Fi Types

Imagine you’re on a road trip, but instead of highways, there are invisible information superhighways in the air. The different types of Wi-Fi are like the various roads you might choose. Some are like quiet country lanes, while others are bustling motorways. Let’s embark on this journey to understand these invisible pathways better.


Wi-Fi types refer to different versions of wireless network technology. Each version, named after its IEEE standard (e.g., Wi-Fi 4, Wi-Fi 5, Wi-Fi 6), offers unique features like varied speed, coverage, and capacity, much like different models of a car.

Type 1 – Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax): This type greatly improves upon earlier versions. It offers faster data transfer rates, improved capacity, and better performance in congested areas. It’s like the sports car of Wi-Fi types!

Type 2 – Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ac): This version was the stepping-stone to Wi-Fi 6. It introduced Wave 2 technology, which is a bit like adding extra lanes to our Wi-Fi highway, allowing more data to be transferred at once.

Type 3 – Wi-Fi Direct (Wi-Fi P2P): This isn’t a traditional type, but a functionality that allows devices to connect directly without needing a wireless router. Think of it as a private chat room, where two devices can talk directly to each other without a mediator.

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Wi-Fi Types – In-depth

Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax)

Picture yourself at the starting line of a grand race in a sleek, top-of-the-line sports car. You’ve got the latest tech at your fingertips and the power to zip down the track faster than ever before. That’s what stepping into the world of Wi-Fi 6, also known as 802.11ax, feels like. This isn’t just a drive in the park; it’s an evolution in wireless technology that’s designed to keep up with our increasingly connected world.

What makes Wi-Fi 6 the Formula 1 racer of wireless connections? The key is in the way it manages data. Wi-Fi 6 uses something called Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple Access (OFDMA). Sounds like rocket science, right? Well, think of it as a clever traffic management system for your data. Imagine a highway where each car knows exactly where to go, minimizing traffic jams and optimizing the flow of vehicles. That’s OFDMA at work, keeping your data cruising along smoothly.

Wi-Fi 6 doesn’t just have better traffic management; it’s also got more lanes on the road. It uses Multiple In, Multiple Out (MIMO) technology, which allows more devices to connect at once. It’s like adding extra lanes on our data highway, handling more cars (data packets) simultaneously, and reducing traffic congestion.

Imagine hosting a party where everyone’s using their smartphones. On a traditional Wi-Fi network, the party would slow to a crawl, as if everyone decided to give a toast at the same time. But with Wi-Fi 6, everyone can toast together without a hiccup. This makes Wi-Fi 6 perfect for crowded environments, like our party, or offices, malls, and stadiums.

Speaking of parties, ever notice how your Wi-Fi seems to struggle when you’re a bit farther from the router, like in the backyard? Wi-Fi 6 has got that covered too. It’s got something called Target Wake Time (TWT), which helps reduce battery consumption on your devices, making them last longer, even at a distance. Imagine being the last one dancing because your device’s battery lasted all night long. Now that’s a party!

In terms of speed, Wi-Fi 6 is a cheetah on the savannah. It has a potential top speed of about 9.6 Gbps (gigabits per second), although, in reality, speeds can vary based on many factors. Still, even if you never hit that top speed, you’ll notice a marked improvement over previous versions of Wi-Fi.

In essence, Wi-Fi 6 is the future, ready to handle our growing data needs with speed, efficiency, and reliability. It’s like stepping into a sports car after driving a family sedan. The journey through the digital world has never been smoother or faster. Buckle up and enjoy the ride!

Wi-Fi 5 (802.11ac)

Imagine you’re planning to climb a mountain. You’ve hiked before, but this is your first big climb. So, you invest in some new gear – a pair of climbing boots that are a significant upgrade from your old hiking shoes. They aren’t the latest model, but they’re a massive step up and get you to the peak perfectly fine. That’s kind of what Wi-Fi 5, also known as 802.11ac, represents in the world of wireless technology – it’s not the latest and greatest, but it was a game-changer in its time.

Wi-Fi 5 is a bit like your upgraded climbing boots: it’s not just about getting to the top faster, it’s also about making the climb smoother and more enjoyable. One way it does this is through a feature called Beamforming. Think of Beamforming like a flashlight pointing directly where you need light, instead of spreading it all around. Beamforming focuses the Wi-Fi signal directly to your devices, instead of just broadcasting it everywhere. It’s a smarter, more efficient way of getting the signal where it needs to go, kind of like your focused flashlight beam in the dark.

The major highlight of Wi-Fi 5 is the introduction of Wave 2 technology, which allows for what’s called MU-MIMO (Multi-User, Multiple In, Multiple Out). It sounds complicated, but let’s bring back our mountain analogy. Suppose your old hiking shoes were like an old Wi-Fi system, and each hike to the peak represents sending a piece of data. With your old shoes, you could only make one trip at a time. With your new climbing boots (MU-MIMO), you can now take multiple paths simultaneously, meaning you can make multiple trips (send more data) at once. More data getting to its destination faster – that’s the magic of MU-MIMO.

Wi-Fi 5 also marked an improvement in speeds. While Wi-Fi 4 had a limit of about 600 Mbps (megabits per second), Wi-Fi 5 took that and raised the stakes to potentially 3.5 Gbps, making the trip up the mountain faster than ever. It’s worth noting that many factors can affect this, but the potential for speed was certainly a step up.

In essence, while Wi-Fi 5 may not be the latest model, it’s a reliable pair of boots that introduced several significant advancements. It’s the technology that took us halfway up the mountain and made the ascent to Wi-Fi 6 possible. With Wi-Fi 5, we enjoyed a smoother, faster hike, and had a taste of the breathtaking views that the world of wireless technology can offer.

Wi-Fi Direct (Wi-Fi P2P)

Imagine you’re in a bustling market, trying to communicate with a friend on the other side. You could shout and hope your message reaches them, or you could use a middleman to deliver it. But wouldn’t it be fantastic if you could have your own quiet bubble where you could talk directly? That’s where Wi-Fi Direct, also known as Wi-Fi P2P (Peer to Peer), comes into play in the world of wireless technology.

Wi-Fi Direct isn’t your traditional Wi-Fi type; it’s more like a special feature or ability that Wi-Fi can have. Much like having a private, direct conversation with your friend at the market, Wi-Fi Direct allows two devices to establish a direct, private wireless connection. The kicker? You don’t need a wireless router to mediate this conversation.

How does this work? Let’s return to our market analogy. Suppose you and your friend have walkie-talkies. Now, instead of shouting or using a middleman, you can communicate directly and clearly. That’s how Wi-Fi Direct works. It allows one device to create a personal hotspot (like a private walkie-talkie channel), and another device can connect to it directly.

What makes Wi-Fi Direct interesting is that it’s not just for devices like laptops and smartphones. A wide range of gadgets can use it. Imagine you’ve just clicked a stunning photo on your digital camera. You want to print it out, so with Wi-Fi Direct, your camera can talk directly to a compatible printer and get that image in your hands in no time.

Wi-Fi Direct also includes Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS), a security standard that keeps your private bubble secure. It’s like having a secret handshake for your devices. Only the devices that know this handshake (or password) can join in the conversation.

To sum it up, Wi-Fi Direct is like having a private chat room for your devices. It cuts out the middleman and lets your devices talk directly to each other. Whether you’re sharing files between laptops, printing photos directly from your camera, or streaming videos from your phone to your TV, Wi-Fi Direct makes it a breeze. It’s a small, yet powerful feature that makes our interconnected world even more convenient.


In the bustling universe of wireless technology, the different Wi-Fi types are like planets, each with its own set of features and capabilities. From Wi-Fi 5’s stepping stone advancements, Wi-Fi 6’s racing car speeds, to Wi-Fi Direct’s private chat bubbles, we’ve taken a journey through some of the fascinating variations of Wi-Fi. While this journey is filled with technical jargon and complex standards, it can be easily navigated with the right analogies and understanding. As our world becomes more and more interconnected, knowing our way around these invisible information superhighways only becomes more vital. So, here’s to a future where we’ll continue exploring, discovering, and connecting more seamlessly than ever before.

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What's the difference between Wi-Fi 5 and Wi-Fi 6?

Wi-Fi 5 and Wi-Fi 6 are different versions of Wi-Fi with distinct features. Wi-Fi 6, being newer, offers faster potential speeds, improved capacity to handle more devices simultaneously, and better performance in crowded areas. It’s like the upgrade from a regular car to a sports car. Wi-Fi 5, on the other hand, is like a reliable sedan — not as fast or powerful as Wi-Fi 6, but still a significant improvement over its predecessors.

If I have a Wi-Fi 6 router, do I need Wi-Fi 6 devices to benefit from it?

Having Wi-Fi 6 devices would allow you to take full advantage of a Wi-Fi 6 router’s features. However, Wi-Fi 6 routers are backward compatible, meaning they can work with older Wi-Fi devices too. It’s like having a Blu-ray player: you can still play your old DVDs, but to enjoy the full high-definition experience, you’d need Blu-ray discs.

Can Wi-Fi Direct replace my regular Wi-Fi network?

Wi-Fi Direct is a fantastic feature for creating direct connections between devices, like sending a file from your laptop to your printer. However, it doesn’t replace the need for a traditional Wi-Fi network. Think of it as an extra tool in your kit, like a screwdriver. It’s perfect for specific tasks but won’t replace the need for a hammer when you need to drive a nail.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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