GPU Examples: The 3 Key Processors in Computing & Gaming

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

GPU Examples: The 3 Key Processors in Computing & Gaming

GPU Examples

Picture a multilane highway. Each lane smoothly carries numerous cars at the same time, allowing more people to travel faster. That’s exactly what a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) does. With hundreds, sometimes thousands, of lanes (cores), it can perform many calculations simultaneously, driving your computer’s performance to a new level of speed and efficiency.


A Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) is a computer component that performs rapid mathematical calculations, primarily for rendering images. Its multitude of cores enable it to handle multiple tasks at once, greatly improving computing performance and speed.

Example 1 – Integrated GPUs: These GPUs are built into a computer’s processor, providing cost-effective and energy-efficient performance. While they can’t match the power of standalone GPUs, they’re perfect for basic tasks like web browsing or document editing.

Example 2 – Dedicated GPUs: These are separate cards inserted into a computer’s motherboard, offering high performance. Ideal for gaming, 3D modeling, or complex scientific calculations, dedicated GPUs possess their own memory (VRAM), and thus, can handle more data simultaneously.

Example 3 – External GPUs (eGPUs): This exciting technology allows you to connect a powerful, standalone GPU to a laptop or a less powerful desktop via a high-speed connection like Thunderbolt. They offer a balance between portability and power, providing users with the flexibility to upgrade their system’s graphics performance as needed.

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GPU Examples – In-depth

A Tour Through the World of Integrated Graphics Processing Units (GPUs)

Imagine your computer as a bustling city. Each building serves a specific purpose, contributing to the overall functioning of the city. In this vibrant tech-metropolis, the Integrated GPU is like the city’s community center. It may not be as flashy as a skyscraper (like a dedicated GPU), but it plays a vital role, ensuring the city runs smoothly for everyday tasks.

Integrated GPUs are the unsung heroes of our computers. Unlike their dedicated counterparts, which are more like sports cars designed for high-speed performance, Integrated GPUs are more akin to your dependable family sedan. They’re built into the same chip as the CPU (the Central Processing Unit), sharing resources and providing reliable, efficient performance for most day-to-day activities.

Imagine you’re watching a cute cat video or scrolling through your favorite website. These tasks don’t need a lot of graphical horsepower. Here, your Integrated GPU steps up, handling the work efficiently and using less energy. In our city analogy, it’s like walking to the local store instead of driving a race car just to pick up milk and bread!

Integrated GPUs also take up less physical space, making them the go-to choice for smaller, thinner devices like ultrabooks and tablets. It’s a bit like choosing a compact car for city driving – it may not have the power of a sports car, but it’s much easier to park!

However, like a family sedan isn’t suited for Formula 1 racing, Integrated GPUs may struggle with heavy graphical tasks, such as high-end gaming, 3D rendering, or video editing. For these tasks, a dedicated GPU (our race car) might be needed. But for everyday tasks like checking emails, streaming videos, or presenting PowerPoint slides, Integrated GPUs are the dependable companions we need.

But don’t let their ‘everyday hero’ image fool you. Integrated GPUs have come a long way, and today’s models offer much-improved performance, even handling lighter gaming or photo editing tasks. They’re like the compact city car that has evolved over time, now boasting some surprisingly sporty features!

So, let’s give a cheer for the Integrated GPU – the quiet achiever that’s powering our daily digital lives. With its reliable, efficient performance, it’s proof that not all heroes wear capes – some of them are neatly tucked away inside our computers!

Unleashing Power: A Deep Dive into Dedicated Graphics Processing Units (GPUs)

Picture a high-speed race car. It’s sleek, powerful, and built for performance. Just as that race car is engineered for speed on the track, a dedicated GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) is designed for high performance in the digital realm.

To continue our previous city metaphor, if the Integrated GPU is the community center, the Dedicated GPU is the city’s state-of-the-art sports complex. It’s where the heavy lifting happens – the complex calculations required for intensive tasks like 3D modeling, high-end gaming, and video editing.

A dedicated GPU is like having an extra set of hands solely for graphics processing. It’s a separate piece of hardware that slots into your computer’s motherboard. Unlike the community center-like Integrated GPU, a dedicated GPU comes with its own resources – its own ‘team’ if you will – including memory known as VRAM (Video Random Access Memory). This means it doesn’t have to share system resources, and can handle more data simultaneously. It’s like having your own dedicated lane on the highway, enabling you to speed past the general traffic.

For people who need their computers to perform heavy-duty tasks, like game developers or graphic designers, a dedicated GPU is a must. It’s like a professional race car driver needing a high-performance vehicle. You wouldn’t enter a Formula 1 race with a family sedan, and you wouldn’t attempt to run the latest graphic-intensive games or 3D design software without a dedicated GPU.

However, with great power comes greater requirements. Dedicated GPUs are larger and consume more energy, so they need more room for installation and better cooling mechanisms to manage heat. They’re also more expensive. But for the professionals and enthusiasts who require that extra boost of power, the investment is worth it.

Even for the average user, a dedicated GPU can elevate their computing experience. Imagine trading in your trusty compact car for a day at the race track. Watching movies becomes a more immersive experience, casual gaming turns smoother, and photo editing becomes quicker and more efficient.

In the digital race for high performance, dedicated GPUs stand in pole position. They’re the testament to how far we’ve come in computer technology – granting us the power to create, explore, and experience digital realms in ways that were once just science fiction. So buckle up, because with a dedicated GPU, you’re in for quite a ride!

Bridging the Gap: A Journey into the World of External Graphics Processing Units (eGPUs)

Picture a bustling city airport. It connects people from different places, enabling them to reach destinations they couldn’t otherwise get to. In the realm of computer hardware, External GPUs (eGPUs) serve a similar purpose. They connect to our devices, providing access to levels of graphics performance previously out of reach for certain systems.

If we revisit our city analogy, the eGPU can be thought of as the city’s port. It’s not built into the city itself like the community center (Integrated GPU), nor is it a standalone facility like the sports complex (Dedicated GPU). Instead, it offers a unique connection point, providing flexible services as needed.

What exactly does an eGPU do? Imagine you have a lightweight laptop, perfect for on-the-go tasks like taking notes at meetings or reading emails at a café. It’s like your handy bicycle – easy to carry around and ideal for short trips. However, when you want to play the latest 3D games or edit high-resolution videos, your laptop’s in-built graphics capabilities (Integrated GPU) might struggle. This is where the eGPU comes into play.

An eGPU is essentially a dedicated GPU housed in its own box, which connects to your computer via a high-speed connection, like Thunderbolt. It’s as if you could temporarily upgrade your bicycle to a motorcycle whenever you needed to go on a long journey. With an eGPU, you can boost your laptop’s graphics performance, transforming it into a high-end gaming or video editing workstation, and then disconnect it when you’re done.

An eGPU offers a perfect balance between power and portability. It’s ideal for users who need powerful graphics performance occasionally, but still want to maintain the portability of a lightweight laptop or a less powerful desktop. It’s a bit like having the option to rent a race car for a day instead of buying one outright.

However, like an airport, an eGPU requires specific conditions to function optimally. Not all laptops have the necessary ports to connect an eGPU, and not all eGPUs are compatible with every system. So, it’s important to check for compatibility before taking the plunge.

The world of eGPUs is like a fascinating new frontier in the realm of computer hardware. It offers the possibility of a best-of-both-worlds scenario – the portability of a lightweight device with the power of a high-end graphics workstation. So, whether you’re a digital nomad seeking to game on the go, or a creative professional requiring high-end rendering capabilities occasionally, an eGPU could be your ticket to a whole new world of possibilities!


Like the diverse vehicles on a busy city highway, each type of GPU serves a unique purpose. The Integrated GPU is the dependable everyday workhorse, efficiently handling routine tasks. The Dedicated GPU is the high-performance race car, designed for heavy graphical lifting. And the eGPU acts like an upgrade rental service, boosting your system’s capabilities when needed.

Understanding the differences among these types can help you choose the right GPU for your needs. After all, whether you’re a casual browser, a hardcore gamer, a creative professional, or a tech enthusiast, there’s a GPU designed just for you!

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Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What are the benefits of a dedicated GPU?

A dedicated GPU offers superior graphics performance compared to an integrated GPU. It has its own memory (VRAM), allowing it to handle larger amounts of data simultaneously. This makes it ideal for heavy-duty tasks, such as gaming, 3D modeling, and video editing.

Can I upgrade my integrated GPU to a dedicated one?

Unfortunately, you can’t upgrade an integrated GPU to a dedicated one, as the former is built directly into the CPU. However, many desktop computers have a slot for adding a dedicated GPU. Some laptops, while not upgradeable internally, can be connected to an external GPU for increased performance.

Are eGPUs worth the investment?

The answer depends on your specific needs. If you have a lightweight laptop or a less powerful desktop that you want to occasionally use for high-end gaming, 3D rendering, or video editing, an eGPU could be a worthwhile investment. However, it’s important to ensure that your system is compatible with the eGPU you plan to purchase.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor has tested 39 antivirus programs and 30 VPN services, and holds a Cybersecurity Graduate Certificate from Stanford University.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.