What is Cybercrime? Everything You Need to Know (2023)

By Tibor Moes / Updated: June 2023

What is Cybercrime? Everything You Need to Know (2023)

What is Cybercrime?

Imagine waking up one day to find your bank account empty, your personal information stolen, or your business’s reputation tarnished. These nightmare scenarios are a reality for countless individuals and organizations that fall victim to cybercrime.

This blog post will delve into the world of cybercrime, its various categories, techniques, and impacts, as well as offer advice on prevention and protection strategies.


  • Cybercrime involves illegal activities conducted via the internet, including data breaches, identity theft, various forms of fraud, and spreading malware.

  • It can impact individuals, businesses, and governments, resulting in significant financial loss and privacy violations.

  • Cybersecurity measures, including antivirus software, firewalls, secure passwords, VPNs, and secure browsing habits, are crucial for preventing cybercrime.

Don’t become a victim of cybercrime. Protect your devices with the best antivirus software and your privacy with the best VPN service.

Understanding Cybercrime

Cybercrime is a broad term that encompasses any criminal activity targeting computer systems or conducted through the internet. It has evolved significantly over the years, from isolated incidents involving individual hackers to highly sophisticated and organized operations conducted by criminal gangs or even state-sponsored actors. The risks associated with cybercrime are immense; victims may suffer financial losses, security breaches, and even reputational damage. Some examples of profit-motivated crimes committed by cybercriminals include stealing and reselling identities, gaining access to financial accounts, and fraudulently using credit cards to make money.

Cybercriminals often deliver their attacks through seemingly innocent means, such as email, making it essential for individuals and organizations to remain vigilant and take appropriate security measures. The first documented incident of cybercrime dates back to when a teller at a New York bank used a computer to steal over two million dollars. Since then, the world has witnessed a staggering increase in cybercriminal activity.

Experts estimate that by 2021, cybercrime damages will cost the global economy a staggering $6 trillion per year. The rapid growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) has provided cybercriminals with new opportunities to exploit everyday objects like fish tanks and coffee makers.

Categories of Cybercrime

Cybercrimes can be grouped into three main categories: crimes against individuals, property, and governments. This classification helps us understand the broad spectrum of malicious activities that cybercriminals engage in, ranging from email frauds and social media scams to illegal gambling and child pornography.

Let’s delve deeper into each of these categories and examine the specific types of cybercrimes they encompass.

Crimes Against Individuals

Crimes against individuals are cybercrimes that specifically target individuals, such as identity theft, cyberstalking, and online harassment. Identity theft, for example, occurs when a cybercriminal illegally uses someone else’s personal information to commit fraud or other crimes. This can result in severe financial and emotional distress for the victim.

Another sinister form of cybercrime against individuals is cyberbullying, which involves sending or sharing hurtful and embarrassing content about another person, causing psychological distress. Cyberstalking, on the other hand, involves sending unwanted and persistent content online in an attempt to control and intimidate another person. Both cyberbullying and cyberstalking can have long-lasting effects on the mental health and well-being of the victim.

Protecting yourself from these types of crimes requires vigilance and proactive measures. For instance, you should avoid using public Wi-Fi for personal accounts and consider signing up for an identity theft monitoring service to detect unauthorized access to your information.

Social media fraud is another type of crime against individuals; this refers to the use of fake accounts to carry out malicious activities such as impersonating other users or sending intimidating messages. To prevent falling victim to social media fraud, be cautious when accepting new friend requests and ensure your privacy settings are appropriately configured.

Crimes Against Property

Cybercrimes target assets like credit cards or intellectual property rights. These crimes can manifest in various forms, including cyberextortion, malware, ransomware, phishing, software piracy, and intellectual property infringement. For example, hackers may use ransomware to encrypt a company’s data, demanding payment in exchange for the decryption key.

Real-life examples of property cybercrime include the notorious Yahoo data breach, which compromised the personal data of over 3 billion users, and the Marriott Hotels cyberattack, which exposed sensitive customer data such as payment information, mailing addresses, and passport numbers. These incidents demonstrate the devastating consequences of property cybercrime on businesses and their customers.

To protect against property cybercrime, individuals and organizations must implement robust security measures, such as using strong passwords, encrypting sensitive data, and employing firewalls to block unauthorized access to networks and databases. Additionally, staying informed about emerging threats and remaining vigilant against potential attacks is crucial in safeguarding one’s property from cybercriminals.

Crimes Against Governments

Crimes against governments involve cybercriminals gaining unauthorized access to government databases or hacking official websites. One particularly dangerous form of cybercrime targeting governments is cyberterrorism, which can have severe consequences for national security and public safety.

To combat cybercrime, governments around the world have established specialized agencies and enacted legislation aimed at preventing and prosecuting these criminal acts. The FBI’s Cyber Division and the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) are examples of U.S. government agencies responsible for tackling cybercrime. International organizations, such as the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), also contribute to the global fight against cybercrime through initiatives like the cybercrime repository, which helps countries take action against cybercriminals and put an end to their activities.

As cybercriminals become increasingly sophisticated and resourceful, it is crucial for governments to continually update their cybersecurity strategies and invest in the necessary resources to protect their sensitive data and infrastructure from potential attacks.

Cybercriminal Profiles

Cybercriminals come in various forms, ranging from individual hackers with basic tech skills to highly organized criminal organizations with top-notch developers and specialists. Some cybercriminals, known as threat actors, conduct targeted attacks against specific individuals, organizations, or governments.

The dark web is a notorious hub for cybercriminals, who use its anonymity to offer illegal services or products, such as malware, stolen data, and hacking services. Cybercriminals often target countries with weak cybercrime laws to minimize the risk of being caught and prosecuted.

Understanding the profiles and motivations of cybercriminals is essential in developing effective prevention and protection strategies. By recognizing the tactics and techniques employed by these malicious actors, individuals, businesses, and governments can better defend themselves against cybercrime and mitigate the potential damage caused by such attacks.

Common Cybercrime Techniques

Cybercriminals employ various techniques to carry out their malicious activities. Some of the most common methods include phishing, malware, distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, and social engineering. Phishing is a type of social engineering attack that involves sending fake messages or emails to trick the recipient into revealing sensitive information or downloading malicious software. Malware, on the other hand, is any code or program designed to cause damage, steal data, or generate revenue for the creator. Cybercriminals often spread malware through deceptive emails, infected websites, or corrupted software downloads.

Other techniques employed by cybercriminals include cryptojacking, DDoS attacks, and social engineering. Cryptojacking involves using a victim’s computer or device to mine cryptocurrency without their permission, while DDoS attacks overload a target’s network or server with traffic, causing it to crash. Social engineering involves manipulating individuals into divulging sensitive information or performing actions that benefit the attacker.

By understanding these techniques, individuals and organizations can better protect themselves against cybercriminals and their malicious activities.

The Impact of Cybercrime

The consequences of cybercrime can be severe, affecting individuals, businesses, and even entire nations. Financially, cybercrime is estimated to cause an annual loss of $600 billion, with small and medium businesses experiencing an average ransomware demand of $5,900 and an average downtime cost of $141,000.

However, the impact of cybercrime extends beyond direct financial losses. Data breaches, such as the Equifax hack and Yahoo! Breach compromised the personal information of millions of users, leaving them vulnerable to identity theft and fraud. Businesses targeted by cybercriminals may also suffer from reputational damage, leading to a loss of trust among customers and partners.

Governments, too, are not immune to the effects of cybercrime. The WannaCry attack, for example, infected 300,000 computers worldwide, forcing victims to pay hundreds of dollars to regain access to their data.

As cybercriminals continue to develop increasingly sophisticated methods, it is crucial for individuals, businesses, and governments to stay informed and implement robust security measures to mitigate the impact of cybercrime.

Prevention and Protection Strategies

Combatting cybercrime requires a combination of proactive prevention strategies and robust protection measures. From maintaining strong passwords and using antivirus software to regularly updating systems and educating employees, there are numerous steps individuals, businesses, and governments can take to safeguard their digital assets and sensitive information.

In the following sections, we will discuss specific security measures tailored to personal, business, and government contexts.

Personal Security Measures

Protecting yourself from cybercrime begins with implementing personal security measures that safeguard your online accounts and digital devices. One of the most fundamental aspects of personal cybersecurity is creating strong, unique passwords for each of your online accounts. Additionally, regularly updating your software ensures that the latest security patches are in place, helping to protect you against emerging threats.

Using a virtual private network (VPN) can also enhance your personal security by masking your IP address and encrypting your internet connection. Another essential aspect of personal security is being cautious when browsing the web; avoid clicking on suspicious links or pop-ups, and ensure that you are visiting trustworthy websites before entering any personal information.

Finally, it’s crucial to remain vigilant and stay informed about the latest cyber threats and scams. Subscribe to cybersecurity newsletters, follow reputable security experts on social media, and educate yourself on the best practices for staying safe online.

Business Security Measures

Businesses must take extra precautions to protect their networks, databases, and sensitive information from cybercriminals. Implementing strong firewalls and encryption can help secure corporate networks and databases from unauthorized access. Additionally, using security software, such as antivirus, anti-malware, and intrusion detection systems, can help shield business systems from cyber threats.

Employee training is another crucial aspect of business cybersecurity. Educating employees on the importance of cyber security, how to identify potential threats, and how to react to them, can significantly reduce the likelihood of a successful cyber attack. Regularly conducting security assessments and updating security policies can also help businesses stay ahead of potential threats and respond swiftly in the event of a breach.

Collaborating with cybersecurity companies and hiring dedicated cybersecurity personnel can further strengthen a business’s defense against cybercrime. By investing in robust security measures and fostering a culture of cybersecurity awareness, businesses can better safeguard their valuable assets and maintain the trust of their customers and partners.

Government Initiatives and Legislation

Governments play a crucial role in the fight against cybercrime, enacting legislation, and establishing enforcement agencies to prosecute cybercriminals and protect national security. In the United States, the Federal Information Security Modernization Act (FISMA) requires federal agencies to create, document, and implement an information security program to safeguard their information and systems. Similarly, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) criminalizes unauthorized access to computers and the use of computers to commit fraud or traffic in stolen information.

International cooperation is also essential in combating cybercrime, as cybercriminals often operate across national borders. Organizations such as the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) work to facilitate global collaboration and support countries in their efforts to tackle cybercrime.

As cyber threats continue to evolve, governments must constantly update their cybersecurity strategies and allocate the necessary resources to protect their citizens and critical infrastructure. By staying vigilant and working together, governments can make significant strides in the ongoing battle against cybercrime.

Real-Life Cybercrime Cases

Throughout history, there have been several high-profile cybercrime cases that demonstrate the devastating consequences of these criminal acts. The Yahoo cyberattack in 2014, for example, compromised the personal data of over 3 billion users, including names, email addresses, phone numbers, birth dates, and encrypted passwords.

Another notorious incident is the Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack in May 2021, which disrupted fuel supply to the Eastern United States and led to widespread panic buying and fuel shortages. The attackers, a cybercriminal group called DarkSide, demanded a ransom of $4.4 million in exchange for the release of the pipeline’s systems.

The Marriott Hotels cyberattack in 2018 resulted in the theft of personal data belonging to more than 500 million customers, including names, addresses, phone numbers, passport numbers, and credit card details. These cases underscore the importance of robust cybersecurity measures and the need for constant vigilance in the face of ever-evolving cyber threats.

Future Challenges and Trends in Cybercrime

As technology continues to advance, so too does the complexity and sophistication of cybercrime. Emerging trends and challenges include COVID-themed cyber threats, more accessible malware, risks associated with the Internet of Things (IoT), and a surge in ransomware and malware attacks. The cost of cybercrime is predicted to reach $8 trillion by 2023, with IoT cyber attacks alone expected to double by 2025.

Automation is another notable trend in cybersecurity, with artificial intelligence and machine learning playing an increasingly important role in detecting and responding to cyber threats. However, these technologies can also be exploited by cybercriminals to enhance their own malicious activities, creating an ongoing arms race between attackers and defenders.

As our reliance on technology continues to grow, it is crucial for individuals, businesses, and governments to remain vigilant and invest in robust prevention and protection strategies to combat the ever-evolving landscape of cybercrime. By staying informed, adopting best practices, and collaborating on a global scale, we can work together to create a safer digital world.


Cybercrime is an ever-present and evolving threat that affects individuals, businesses, and governments alike. From identity theft and ransomware attacks to cyber espionage and cyberterrorism, the impact of cybercrime can be severe and far-reaching. By understanding the various categories, techniques, and profiles of cybercriminals, we can develop effective prevention and protection strategies to safeguard our digital assets and personal information. As technology continues to advance, it is crucial for us to remain vigilant and adapt to the changing landscape of cybercrime. Together, we can create a safer and more secure digital world for all.

How to stay safe online:

  • Practice Strong Password Hygiene: Use a unique and complex password for each account. A password manager can help generate and store them. In addition, enable two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever available.
  • Invest in Your Safety: Buying the best antivirus for Windows 11 is key for your online security. A high-quality antivirus like Norton, McAfee, or Bitdefender will safeguard your PC from various online threats, including malware, ransomware, and spyware.
  • Be Wary of Phishing Attempts: Be cautious when receiving suspicious communications that ask for personal information. Legitimate businesses will never ask for sensitive details via email or text. Before clicking on any links, ensure the sender's authenticity.
  • Stay Informed. We cover a wide range of cybersecurity topics on our blog. And there are several credible sources offering threat reports and recommendations, such as NIST, CISA, FBI, ENISA, Symantec, Verizon, Cisco, Crowdstrike, and many more.

Happy surfing!

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the most frequently asked questions.

What is cybercrime in simple words?

In simple terms, cybercrime is any crime that involves computers, networks, and internet-connected devices. Cybercriminals usually commit these crimes to make money, but sometimes they seek other forms of damage.

It’s important to be aware of the risks posed by cybercrime so you can stay safe online.

What is an example of cybercrime?

An example of cybercrime is hacking, which can involve shutting down or misusing websites or computer networks, spreading hate and inciting terrorism, distributing child pornography, or making sexual advances to minors.

Hacking can have serious consequences, including financial losses, identity theft, and even physical harm. It can also lead to the loss of confidential information, which can have a devastating impact on businesses and individuals. Cybercriminals can also use hacking to gain access to personal data.

What is the most common type of cybercrime?

The most common type of cybercrime in 2022 was phishing, with around 300 thousand individuals affected worldwide. This form of attack uses fake emails and websites to steal valuable information from victims.

What causes cybercrime?

Cybercrime is caused by cybercriminals seeking financial gain or individuals or organizations using computers to damage networks for political or personal reasons. Hackers are motivated by the potential of easy money and can target individuals, businesses, or even government networks.

Author: Tibor Moes

Author: Tibor Moes

Founder & Chief Editor at SoftwareLab

Tibor is a Dutch engineer and entrepreneur. He has tested security software since 2014.

Over the years, he has tested most of the best antivirus software for Windows, Mac, Android, and iOS, as well as many VPN providers.

He uses Norton to protect his devices, CyberGhost for his privacy, and Dashlane for his passwords.

This website is hosted on a Digital Ocean server via Cloudways and is built with DIVI on WordPress.

You can find him on LinkedIn or contact him here.

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